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1



The source states William was the son of Governor Thomas Mann Randolph , but that appears to not be the case. This was an easy error to mak e as there were so many generations of Thomas Mann Randolphs. His fath er was the Thomas Mann Randolph who married Anne Cary. 
RANDOLPH, William (I27519)
 
2



Twin. 
SAMSON, Jeanne (I52762)
 
3

Alexander Filius Geroldi, brother of the chamberlain Henry fitz Gerold, in whose 'Charta' he appears holding fees 'de novo,' with Hugh fitz Gerold. Warin fitz Gerold also occurs, specifically identified as Henry's brother. Before 1156 he married Alice de Rumilly, widow of William fitz Duncan, through whome he held the honour of Skipton. Benefactor of Southwark priory, to which he granted two measures of chesse in Balking, in Kingston Lisle, Berkshire, confirmed by Alice de Rumilly his wife, who had dower there. The grant was confirmed by his sister Amice de Tresgoz, daughter of Robert fitz Gerold and Alice his wife, widow of Philip de Leyburn and then wife of John de Tresgoz, and also by his nephew Henry II fitz Gerold. Alexander and his wife Alice were also benefactors of Dunstable. Amice occurs as 'Anna' or Amy wife of John de Tresgod in Westminster documents concerning property in London to which she was coheir with Margaret, then wife of Peter de Sutton. Henry fitz Gerold made a grant to the same house for the soul of his brother Warin. He died without issue about midsummer 1178. Maurice of Boreham and Odo Burnard occur on Pipe Role 5 Richard I, 6, as heirs of Alexander fitz Gerold.
Domesday Descendants pp892-893 
FITZGEROLD, Alexander (I8718)
 
4

Margaret, daughter of 6th Earl of Mar. Burke's Peerage, p. 2716
Marjory/Mary, widow of John de Strathbogie, 9th Earl of Atholl of the creation deemed to have been effected by 1115, and daughter of 6th Earl of Mar.
Burke's Peerage, p. 2770 
Margaret de Mar (I11953)
 
5

Morgan Mwynfawr ( d 665?), regulus of Glamorgan, was the son of Arthrwys ap Meurig ap Tewdrig, and may be the Morcant whose death is recorded in 'Annales Cambriae' under the year 665. The charters contained in the 'Book of LLandaff' include a number of grants which he is said to have made to the church of Llandaff in the time of Bishops Oudoceus and Berthguin. Other charters in the book of the time of Bertguin are attested by him, and an account is also given of ecclesiastical proceedings taken against him by Oudoceus in consequence of his murdering his uncle Ffriog. Though the 'Book of Llandaff' was compiled about the middle of the twelfth century, at a time when the see was vigorously asserting disputed claims, it nevertheless embodies a quantity of valmacble old material, and (details apart) is probably to be relied upon in the general view it gives of the position of Morgan. He appears as owner of lands in Gower, Glamorgan, and Gwent, and since the latter two districts were afterwards ruled over by his descendants, was probably sovereign of most of the region between the Towy and the Wye.
It has been very generally supposed that Morgannwg - a term of varying application, but usually denoting the country between the Wye and the Tawe - takes its name from Morgan Mwynfawr. Mr Phillimore, in a note to the Cymmrodorion edition of Owen's 'Pembrokeshre' suggests, however, that it is merely a variant of Gwlad Fogan, and that previous to the eleventh century the country was always known as Glywysing.
Morgan Mwynafawr, in common with may of his contemporaries, is a figure in the legends of the bards. He is mentioned in the 'Historical Triads' as one of the three Reddeners (i.e. devastators) of the isle of Britain; in the 'Iolo MSS' he is said to have been a cousin of King Arthur and a knight of his court, while his car was reckoned one of the nine treasures of Britain, for 'whoever sat in it would be immediately wharesoever he wished.' Dictionary of National Biography XIII:907
Morgan Mwynfawr (fl 730), 'the Benefactor,' or Morgan ab Athrwys, king of Morgannwg, from whom the old kingdom of Glamorgan, embracing Glywysing and Gwent, probably took its name. He was the grandson and no doubt the successor of king Meurig ap Tewdrig, the reputed husband of Onbrans, daughter of Gwrgant Mawr, last king of Erging (S. Herefordshire). Morgan's realm actually extended beyond the Wye into part of Erging, and westwards as far as the Towy. He was succeeded by his son Ithel. Dictionary of Welsh Biography 639
The story of Morgan Mwynfawr (the Courteous) is the nest ray of light thrown on the annals of Glamorgan. He was the son of Athrwys, whom some perilously identify with Arthur, and so great was his renown and high his character as protector of his country, bleeding from the wounds inflicted by Nordmanni and Mercian adventurers, that the territory he ruled chose to call itself after his name - Gwlad-Morgan and Morgan-wg, indifferently, - both signifying the country or land of Morgan. He is often called Morgan Mawr, the great, as well as Morgan Mwyn-fawr - the greatly gentle or courteous, and it is just possible that the latter epithet in its original uncompunded form was Mwyn Mawr - 'the great, the gentle.' In the 'history' of Glamorgan, 'out of the book that was in the possession of the Rev Mr. Gamage' of St Athan's, and which passed through the hands of Iolo, it is said that he resided at Adur and Breigan, and that he and his race, both before and after, were endued with the grace of supreme good fortune up to the time of Owain ap Morgan Hen. Annals and Antiquities of Wales I:485-486 
AP ATHRWYS, Morgan King of Gwent and Glywysing (I41085)
 
6

Stephen, future king of England, was born about the year 1096. His mother was Adela, daughter of William the Conqueror, and heir to all his strength of will and temper. His father was Stephen Count of Blois and Chartres, a boastful character who had made himself the laughing stock of Europe by running away from the siege of Antioch after having been made commander-in-chief there.
Adela's two favored sons, Stephen and Henry, were both to find their fortunes in England. Henry, a Cluniac monk, quickly accumulated Glastonbury, the richest abbey, and Winchester, the second richest diocese in England, and set out on his career of financial wizardry and ecclesiastical statesmanship. A man of rare power, vision and tact, he was infinitely more attuned to great responsibilities than his brother.
Stephen had a ready charm, and his gay and seemingly open nature made him a great success at court. His uncle Henry I loaded favours on him: he was given estates in England of some half a million acres, and made a favourable marriage to the rich heiress of the Count of Boulogne. Matilda was to be both a loyal and an able wife.
In 1136 Henry died, and though he had made all his barons swear fealty to his daughter Matilda before his death, Stephen now moved speedily to get himself accepted as King in England. His brother swayed the Church to his side, the Londoners were bought with a substantial grant of privileges, and the Norman barons were persmacded that a woman ruler of well-known arrogance and intractability, married to the leader of the Normans' traditional enemies, the Angevins, would be no good prospect for England.
Stephen's dash and promises carried him through for a while, but quickly enough people discovered his faults: he was tricky, changeable, often stupidly weak; he simply could not be relied upon, nor could he trust others. In 1139 Matilda landed, and her bastard brother Robert of Gloucester opened the West to her. During the next eight years she was to win defectors from Stephen's bad government.
In 1141, at Lincoln, Stephen's barons deserted him in battle, and he fell prisoner to Matilda. But she proved as unhappy a mistress as Stephen had been master, and many people were glad when Robert of Gloucester was captured by Stephen's Queen at the rout of Winchester, and Matilda was forced to release Stephen to get him back.
Many barons favoured this dmacl sitmaction in which they could bargain for their services, and live as war-lords. Castles sprung up all over the land, and in many parts a dreadful anarchy reigned, so that many people openly declared that Christ and his Saints were asleep, and the Devil ruled.
Matilda's son Henry had twice invaded and been repulsed in 1147 and 1149, but when he came again in 1153 he was backed by a tremendous accumulation of continental power. The death of Stephen's son Eustace prompted him to negotiate with the young Duke, and he was encouraged in this by the urgings of the Church and of the Norman barons who wished to regain their continental estates now under Henry's control. So Matilda's son was made heir, and for a further year Stephen ruled, in peace at last, until his death in October 1154. He was buried in his abbey of Faversham.
Source: Who's Who in the Middle Ages, John Fines, Barnes and Noble Books, New York, 1995 
Etienne Comte de Blois, de Chartres, de Châteaudun, de Sancerre et de Meaux (I4673)
 
7

--------------------------------

Robert Willoughby, 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to:navigation, searchRobert Willoughby, 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby

Battle of Agincourt from the Chroniques d’Enguerrand de Monstrelet (early 15th century)
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Montagu
Maud Stanhope

Issue
Joan Willoughby
Father William Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby de Eresby
Mother Lucy le Strange
Born c.1385
Died 25 July 1452
Buried Buried at Mettingham, Suffolk

Robert Willoughby, 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby KG (c.1385 – 25 July 1452) was an English baron and soldier in the Hundred Years' War.

Contents

1 Family
2 Career
3 Marriages and issue
4 Footnotes
5 References

Family

Robert Willoughby was the son of William Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, and his first wife, Lucy le Strange, daughter of Roger le Strange, 5th Baron Strange of Knockin (Shropshire), by Aline, daughter of Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel. He had a younger brother and three sisters:1
Sir Thomas Willoughby, who married Joan Arundel, daughter and co-heiress of Sir Richard Arundel by his wife, Alice.
Elizabeth Willoughby, who married Henry Beaumont, 5th Baron Beaumont.
Margery Willoughby, who married William FitzHugh, 4th Baron FitzHugh.
Margaret Willoughby, who married Sir Thomas Skipwith.Career

Willoughby's father, the 5th Baron, died on 4 December 1409. Willoughby, aged 24, succeeded him in the title, and had seisin of his lands 8 February 1410. In 1412/13 he served with Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence, on his expedition to Normandy and Bordeaux. In April 1415 he attended the great council which approved plans for King Henry V's invasion of France, and on 5 August 1415 he was among the peers who tried Richard, Earl of Cambridge, and Lord Scrope after the discovery of the Southampton Plot on the eve of invasion. He crossed to France with the King's army, and was present at the taking of Harfleur and at the Battle of Agincourt.2
Quartered arms of Sir Robert de Willoughby, 6th Baron Willoughby d'Eresby, KG
At the death on 29 September 1416 of Isabel, widow of William de Ufford, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, he succeeded to the castle and town of Orford and the manors of Parham and Ufford in Suffolk.3 In December 1417 he was made a Knight of the Garter. From 1417, according to Cokayne, Complete Peerage, he 'served continually for many years in the French wars'. He was at the siege of Caen in 1417, the siege of Rouen in July 1418, and the siege of Melun from July to November 1420. He accompanied the King back to England in 1421, and was Chief Butler at the coronation of Catherine of Valois on 23 February. According to Cokayne he was at the siege of Meaux from October 1421 to May 1422; however historian Gerald Harriss considers his presence at Meaux uncertain as he was in England gathering reinforcements to take to France in May 1422.4
On 31 July and 1 August 1423 he participated in the relief of Cravant, personally forcing the passage of the bridge over the Yonne river.5 He was with John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford, then Regent, at the surrender of Ivry on 15 August and at the Battle of Verneuil on 17 August 1424, where he and Sir John Fastolf jointly captured the Duke of Alencon. For these services he was rewarded with a grant, on 20 September 1424, of the comté of Vendôme.6
In July and August 1425 he was with Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury, at the siege of Le Mans, thus completing the conquest of Maine. In July of the following year he was with Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, at Bonneval. In February 1427/8 he was with the Earl of Suffolk at Dreux.7
On 17 June 1429 he had licence to accompany Cardinal Henry Beaufort on a crusade against the Hussites. However the forces assembled for the crusade were sent instead to France to assist the Duke of Bedford after the English were defeated at the Battle of Patay on 18 June 1429. He played a major role in Henry VI's coronation expedition in 1430. During this phase of the war the English suffered reverses, and lost ground to the south of Normandy, and on 4 October 1430 Willoughby was granted the comté of Beaumont-sur-Oise in compensation for the comté of Vendôme.8
Willoughby was appointed the King's Lieutenant in Lower Normandy before February 1432, where he had mixed success, suffering defeats by the French at Vivoin and the siege of Saint-Céneri-le-Gérei in 1432, but capturing St Valéry after a siege in July–August 1433. He was Captain of Bayeux in 1433, and of Pont de l'Arche about 1434. In July 1435 he raised a force of 2000 men in England, and with Lords Talbot and Scales besieged Saint-Denis, capturing it in October. He was given command of Paris in October 1435 when Talbot left for Rouen, but for lack of support from English forces was compelled to surrender the Bastille to the French on 17 April 1436.9
Willoughby campaigned for the last time in 1437, when Warwick personally requested that he accompany Warwick to Normandy. Willoughby had returned to England by the end of 1438. On 17 July 1439 he had licence to make a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and according to Harriss, may well have done so as his name does not reappear in English records until May 1443.10
He is said to have been made Master of the King's Hart Hounds in 1441-2. In March 1445 he was one of the peers who escorted King Henry VI's wife, Margaret of Anjou, to England.11 In his latter years he was involved in conflict over control of Lincolnshire with Sir William Tailboys and his allies.12
Willoughby died 25 July 1452, aged about 67, without male issue, and was buried in the chantry college at Mettingham, Suffolk. All traces of his tomb have disappeared.13
Willoughby's only child, Joan, married Richard de Welles, 7th Baron Welles (d.1470), by whom she had a son, Sir Robert Welles, and a daughter, Joan Welles. At Willoughby's death, his lands and title descended to his daughter and son-in-law, Richard de Welles, 7th Baron Welles.14
Marriages and issue

Willoughby married firstly, before 21 February 1421, Elizabeth Montagu, daughter of John Montagu, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, by whom he had an only daughter, Joan Willoughby, who married Richard de Welles, 7th Baron Welles.15
He married secondly, before 8 January 1449, Maud Stanhope, daughter of Sir Richard Stanhope of Rampton, Nottinghamshire, by his second wife, Maud Cromwell, daughter of Ralph Cromwell, 2nd Baron Cromwell, but had no issue by her. His widow married secondly, Thomas Neville, second son of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, slain 30 December 1460 at the Battle of Wakefield, and thirdly, Sir Gervase Clifton, beheaded 6 May 1471 after the Battle of Tewkesbury. Lady Maud alleged that Sir Gervase Clifton had 'wasted and destroyed' more than £1000 worth of jewels, plate and household goods which she brought to the marriage. She died 30 August 1497, and was buried at the Collegiate Church at Tattershall, Lincolnshire.16
Cokayne, G.E. (1959). The Complete Peerage, edited by Geoffrey H. White. XII (Part II). St. Catherine Press.
Harris, Barbara J. (2002). English Aristocratic Women 1450-1550. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Harriss, G.L. (2004). Willoughby, Robert (III), sixth Baron Willoughby (1385–1452). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 5 December 2012. (subscription required)
Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham IV (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1460992709 
DE WILLOUGHBY, Robert (I55951)
 
8

Claes Cornelisze, son of Cornelius Petersson and Johanna van der Goes, was born at Boda on Oland, April 3, 1597, and died about 1674. As a young man he took part in the Thirty Years War and is listed in 1632 among the Swedes who were captured in the Battle of Mitau, but he managed to escape. He is recorded as wounded in the head. In August of the same year, he commanded the ship "Svenska Kronan" which traded between Sweden and Zeeland. His business ventures took him to various parts of The Netherlands, includ¬ ing Walcheren, where his maternal grandfather had resided and where his father had traded; Duivsland on the Island of Schouwen, and in 1629 "near the Bree Bridge and the Hospital Church in Zierickzee on Schouwen, where he owned a warehouse." The Dutch Govern¬ ment had levied a tax on goods shipped into Zierickzee, which had previously been not subject to duties and, at the same time there was continuous sea fighting which had ham¬ pered trade. These events, with the death of his wife in August, 1631, led him to relinquish much of his business. There is record that:
Jacob Cornelissen of Boda on Oland, September 14, 1631, bought of Claes Cornelisze of Schou¬ wen in Zeeland and his wife Margaret van der Goes, and their heir-apparent and son Peter Claesen, all their interest in the vessel at Kalmarsund, now lying at Borgholm on Oland, as heirs of Captain Cornelius Petersson, father of said Jacob and Claes Cornelissen and of Peter Corneliszen and Cornelia Cornelissen, daughter of said Cornelius Petersson, long ago deceased.
About the same time he sold the "Svenska Kronan" to his brother-in-law, Carl Carlson Bonde. His activities in the next few years are not known. It is believed that he came on the ship "Rensselaerwyck." There is no passenger list, but the log of the vessel names, among others, Pieter Cornelisze (his brother) from Monnickendam, North Holland, and Pieter Claesen (his son) from Nordigers. The next record is that "Claes Cornelissen van Schouw had on November 14, 1642, a patent for 16 morgen and 165 rods of land on Long Island, opposite Manhattan, between the ferry and Andries Hudde." He is later called a merchant and a local deposition confirms the year 1597 as the year of his birth. In 1643 he was granted forty acres of land in Brooklyn along the East River from Fulton Ferry

southward by the East India Company, but later disposed of it and bought a farm at Amers- foort. Between 1650 and 1660 he was involved in several law suits, the record of which shows that he owned a team of horses, a wagon and some cattle.
Claes Cornelisze married (first), November 9, 1623, Margaret van der Goes, his cousin, daughter of Martyn van der Goes, of Middleburgh, and Margaretha, daughter of Benjamin Tysen of Amsterdam, Holland. He married (second), but the name of his wife is not known.
Chrysler, Forker and allied families; a genealogical study with biographical notes. 
CORNELISZE, Claes (I74320)
 
9

Died in infancy. 
FOULKE, Samuel (I16600)
 
10

MEGINGOZ I Megingaud/Megingold, son of ADALBERT and his wife --- (-876 or after). Megingoz son of Adalbert is named in a Papal letter dated 879620, although it is not known whether this is the same person as Megingoz I. "…Megingoz…" is among those listed as present in the charter dated 12 Oct 847 under which King Ludwig granted property to "Pribina". "Heriricus" donated property "Wimundasheim in pago Wurmacense" to Trier with the advice and consent of "fratris nostri…Hunfridi episcopi" by charter dated 21 Aug 868, subscribed by "Megingaudi comitis, Megengaudi vicedomni". Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks confirmed donations to Kloster Prüm by charter dated 12 Apr 870 which states that Prüm was founded by "Megingaudus comes…" among others. Graf im Wormsgau. He married ---. The origin of the wife of Megingoz I is not known with certainty. She may have been --- im Wormsgau, daughter of Robert III Graf im Wormsgau and his wife Wiltrud ---, as indicated by the charter dated 876 under which Graf Megingoz, with his nepos Odo, donated property at Mattenheim. Settipani identifies Odo with the future Eudes King of France, suggesting that either Megingoz himself or his wife was closely related to the Rotbertiner family. This hypothesis appears corroborated by Megingoz II, probable son of Megingoz I, being described as nepos of King Eudes in 892 by Regino (see below). Jackman suggests that the wife of Megingoz I was named ROTLIND, whose name is closely associated with the family in the Memorial book of Remiremont. However, it is also possible that Megingoz's relationship to King Eudes was more remote than "uncle" or that he was a maternal relative of the king.
http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/FRANCONIA.htm#Heinrichdiedafter812B 
Megingoz I, Graf im Worsgau (I48590)
 
11

Nudd Hael, King of Selcovia, (Born c.AD 530), (Welsh: Nudd; Latin: Natanus; English: Nathan)
King Nudd succeeded his father, Senyllt, to the lowland border kingdom of unknown name centred around Selkirkshire in the mid-6th century. He was called 'Hael' - the Generous - and was celebrated in Welsh poetry, along with his cousins, Riderch and Morfael, as one of the 'Three Generous Men of Britain'.
These three, with Clydno Eityn of Din-Eityn (Edinburgh), were firm allies and, during the AD 560s, they took their mighty armies south and invaded Gwynedd in revenge for the killing of their cousin, Elidyr Mwynfawr. They devastated the country around Caer-yn-Arfon (Caernarfon) but were eventually driven out by King Rhun Hir.
An early 6th century monument discovered in Yarrow in Selkirkshire may refer to this character and his two sons, though the date is not quite right and they may be otherwise unknown relations. It is inscribed: "This is the everlasting memorial: In this place lie the most famous princes, Nudus and Domnogenus; in this tomb lie the two sons Liberalis the Generous One."
He was also father of SS. Dingat and Llidnerth, and the lovely Teagu Eurfron, and was succeeded in his kingdom by the former.
Source: http://www.earlybritishkingdoms.com/bios/nuddhsv.html 
AP SENYLLT, Nudd (I41071)
 
12

NUÑO Laínez, son of LAÍN Fernández & his wife --- . The Historia Roderici names “Nuño Laínez” as the son of “Laín Fernández”541. The "Corónicas" Navarras does not directly name the father of "Nuyno Laniz", but the context of the narrative as a whole implies that he was the son of Laín Fernández542. The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "Nuño Lainez" as the son of "Lain Fernandez". He married EILO Fernández, daughter of FERNÁN Rodríguez and his wife ---. The "Corónicas" Navarras name "Pero Ferrandiz et una fija…don Elo" as the children of "Ferrant Rodríguiz", stating that the latter married "Nuyno Laniz" although it does not state directly the parentage of the latter. The Historia Roderici names “Pedro Fernández and a daughter named Eylo” as the children of “Fernán Rodríguez”, adding that Eilo married “Nuño Laínez”. The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Fernando Rodriguez, D. Ello" as the children of "D. Fernando Rodriguez", adding in an earlier passage that "Nuño Lainez" married "D. Ello".
http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SPANISH%20NOBILITY%20EARLY%20MEDIEVAL.htm#NunoLainezA 
LAÍNEZ, Núño (I7677)
 
13

RESIDENCES: Sanquhar Castle is a ruined 13th century castle, with an altered keep and ranges built around a small courtyard. A crumbling 4 storey tower dominates the ruin, with a ruined hall block and gateway passage and semicircular tower also remain. The castle is not posted as dangerous, as are many of the privately owned (or non-Historic Scotland) castles, but it doesn't look very stable to me. Mark, of course, scrambled up into the ruined tower despite the gaps in the stone and precarious stairs.
The lands originally belonged to the Ross family, but passed by marriage to the Crichtons (see Crichton Castle) in the 14th century. The four storey ashlar-faced tower is all that remains of the original structure, although it was probably intended to be one of four towers in the couryard by 1380. The design may have been changed before completion circa 1400. On the south-west side of the couryard is a set of very ruined service rooms of the late 16th century, although we had a hard time picking out the shape of the foundations. The round stair turret (visible here as the stumps of stairs running up the wall) between the old hall and guard room and the connecting walls are all now reduced to their foundations.
The Crichton family were made Earls of Dumfries in 1633, but in 1639 sold the property to Sir William Douglas of Drumlanrig (later Duke of Queensberry). The 1st Duke built a new castle at Drumlanrig, but after staying in it only one night, decided he did not like it and moved back to Sanquhar. The family moved to Drumlanrig after his death, and Sanquhar was abandoned.
Reconstruction did not occur until the 19th century. The 3rd Marquis of Bute started rebuilding Sanquhar Castle in 1896, but this was stopped at his death in 1900, and the castle has been left to crumble.
Two ghosts reputedly haunt the castle -- one is a "White lady", a spirit of a young woman, Marion of Dalpeddar, who disappeared in 1580 and may have been murdered by one of the Crichton lords. A woman's skeleton was found in a wall during excavations in 1875-6, which might support this story. The other ghost is that of John Wilson, hanged by another of the Crichtons, who manifests himself with groans and rattling. The Chrichtons weren't terribly nice people, were they? 
Isabel de Ros (I25920)
 
14

Senyllt, King of Selcovia, (Born c.AD 512), (Welsh: Senyllt; Latin: Seniltus; English: Senild)
Senyllt was a son of King Cedic of Greater Strathclyde. Upon his father's death, in the early 6th century, the kingdom was divided between his brother, Tutgual Tutclyd, and himself. Being the elder of the two, Tudwal took the greater portion of Strathclyde, whilst Senyllt appears to have become king of the region around Selkirkshire where the people were known as the Selgovae. Although the name of his kingdom is unknown, for identification purposes, the Latin 'Selcovia,' would seem appropriate. He was succeeded by his son, Nudd Hael.
Source: http://www.earlybritishkingdoms.com/bios/senylsv.html 
AP CEDIC, Senyllt (I41070)
 
15

She was co-heiress of Sir Robert Harcourt. 
HARCOURT, Agnes (I43426)
 
16

Some sources state that it was Sir Thomas who married Philippa Bennet and not his father, Sir Richard. If this were the case, he would most likely be the son of Joanna de Chetwynd. 
BENNET, Philippa (I13261)
 
17

The name Jones (of the Blockley family) is on Scull and Heap's Map, 1750; and Faden's Map, 1777. 
JONES, James Jr. (I17166)
 
18

The name of Robert Lloyd is on the List of Taxables for 1693 - A young man. Susquehanna List, 1696. His plantation was northward of that of Rowland Ellis of Bryn Mawr. By deed, Sept. 5, 1698, he purchased from Wm. Howell, Edward Jones, John Roberts, Griffith Owen and Daniel Humphrey, 409 acres of land that had been part of the Thomas Ellis tract. In Feb. 1709, Robert Lloyd and Lowry his wife, conveyed 154 1/2 a. to Thos. bro. of Robert. 
LLOYD, Robert (I16639)
 
19
After Halfdan Whitleg's death, according tot he sagas, his son Eystein ruled Vestfold until a rival king named Skjold used his magic powers to have Eystein knocked overboard during a sailing expedition. Eystein's body was recovered from the sea and buried with great ceremony. Royal Families of Medieval Scandinavia, Flanders and Kiev
Ruled Vestfold 750-780
Eystein Halfdansson (Old Norse: Eysteinn Hálfdansson) was the son of Halfdan Hvitbeinn of the House of Yngling according to Heimskringla. He lived around 730, and inherited the throne of Romerike and Vestfold.
His wife was Hild, the daughter of the king of Vestfold, Erik Agnarsson. Erik had no son so Eystein inherited Vestfold.
Eystein went to Varna with some ships to pillage and carried away all livestock and other valuables. However, the king of Varna was king Skjöld who was a great warlock. Skjöld arrived at the beach and saw the sails of Eystein's ships. He waved his cloak and blew into it which caused a boom of one ship to swing and hit Eystein so that he fell overboard and drowned. His body was salvaged and buried in a mound.
Eystein was inherited by his son Halfdan the Mild. 
HALFDANSSON, Eystein King of Vestfold (I15162)
 
20
Hamo Dapifer
Torigny-sur-Vire: Manche, arr. St-Lo, cant. Torigny.
An account of Hamo, who was son of Hamo Dentatus (slain at Val-es-Dunes in 1047), and who was dapifer both to the Conqueror and William Rufus and sheriff of Kent in 1086, is given, together with an account of his sons Hamo and Robert, by D. C. Douglas in "The Domesday Monachorum of Christ Church Canterbury", pp. 55-6, where the relevant authorities are cited. That Hamo dapifer and Hamo the Sheriff were undoubtedly one and the same person is proved by the Kentish returns of 1242-3 in 'The Book of Fees', pp. 654 et seq., when the lands held by the sheriff in 1086 were held by the earl of Gloucester, who was the heir of Hamo dapifer through the marriage of Robert earl of Gloucester with the daughter and heir of Robert, son of Hamo dapifer.
Origins of Some Anglo-Norman Families 
Hamo de Crevecoeur, Sire de Cruelly (I11497)
 
21
William, his son and heir, married Margaret, daughter of Sir Alan de Thorton, and held by knight's service 15 libratas terrae, equivalent to 3,600 acres. He received knighthood at the hands of Philip de Ulceby, Sheriff of Lancashire, in 1256.
Memoirs of the Molineux Family p3
William Molyneux (known as William More Molyneux), most noble order of the Garter, 1349, K.b., Ribbon Garter blue, m Margaret de Thornton, dau. of Sir Allen de Thornton of the Co. Leicester. Buried in Canterbury Cathedral. 
Sir William de Molyneux (I10439)
 
22
"BRAIBOC

THIS family, so called from their chief seat at Braibrock, in the county of Northampton, descended from one INGEBALD, who by Albreda, one of the daughters and heirs to Ivo de Newmarch, had issue a son, called Robert May, but afterwards Robert de Braibrock, This Robert was one of King John's council, and obtained from him the manor of Corby, in the same county. Henry his son, married Christian, daughter and heir of Wischard Ledet, and Margery, his wife, and died the 18th of Henry III. leaving issue two sons, Wyschard (who assumed the surname of Ledet, from his mother, the heiress of that family), and John, who retained his paternal name, from whom descended Sir Reginald Braibrock, who, by Joan, daughter and heir of Sir John de la Pole, of Ashby, knight, by Joan, his wife, only daughter and heir of John lord Cobham, had issue, Joan, his heir, who married Sir Thomas Brook, lord Cobham, in her right. But Wiscard was the father of Walter, who had only two daughters, his heirs; viz.Alice, who married Sir William Latimer; and Christian, Sir John Latimer, brother to the said Sir William (vid. Latimer), from the last of whom, the Griffins, barons of Braybroke, are descended. ..."
The Dormant and Extinct Baronage of England...by Christopher Banks 
Henery de Baybrooke (I10264)
 
23
"BRAIBOC

THIS family, so called from their chief seat at Braibrock, in the county of Northampton, descended from one INGEBALD, who by Albreda, one of the daughters and heirs to Ivo de Newmarch, had issue a son, called Robert May, but afterwards Robert de Braibrock, This Robert was one of King John's council, and obtained from him the manor of Corby, in the same county. Henry his son, married Christian, daughter and heir of Wischard Ledet, and Margery, his wife, and died the 18th of Henry III. leaving issue two sons, Wyschard (who assumed the surname of Ledet, from his mother, the heiress of that family), and John, who retained his paternal name, from whom descended Sir Reginald Braibrock, who, by Joan, daughter and heir of Sir John de la Pole, of Ashby, knight, by Joan, his wife, only daughter and heir of John lord Cobham, had issue, Joan, his heir, who married Sir Thomas Brook, lord Cobham, in her right. But Wiscard was the father of Walter, who had only two daughters, his heirs; viz.Alice, who married Sir William Latimer; and Christian, Sir John Latimer, brother to the said Sir William (vid. Latimer), from the last of whom, the Griffins, barons of Braybroke, are descended. ..."
The Dormant and Extinct Baronage of England...by Christopher Banks 
LEDET, Christian (I71081)
 
24
"BRAIBOC

THIS family, so called from their chief seat at Braibrock, in the county of Northampton, descended from one INGEBALD, who by Albreda, one of the daughters and heirs to Ivo de Newmarch, had issue a son, called Robert May, but afterwards Robert de Braibrock, This Robert was one of King John's council, and obtained from him the manor of Corby, in the same county. Henry his son, married Christian, daughter and heir of Wischard Ledet, and Margery, his wife, and died the 18th of Henry III. leaving issue two sons, Wyschard (who assumed the surname of Ledet, from his mother, the heiress of that family), and John, who retained his paternal name, from whom descended Sir Reginald Braibrock, who, by Joan, daughter and heir of Sir John de la Pole, of Ashby, knight, by Joan, his wife, only daughter and heir of John lord Cobham, had issue, Joan, his heir, who married Sir Thomas Brook, lord Cobham, in her right. But Wiscard was the father of Walter, who had only two daughters, his heirs; viz.Alice, who married Sir William Latimer; and Christian, Sir John Latimer, brother to the said Sir William (vid. Latimer), from the last of whom, the Griffins, barons of Braybroke, are descended. ..."
[The Dormant and Extinct Baronage of England...by Christopher Banks] 
BRAYBROOK, Wyschard (I77344)
 
25
"BRAIBOC

THIS family, so called from their chief seat at Braibrock, in the county of Northampton, descended from one INGEBALD, who by Albreda, one of the daughters and heirs to Ivo de Newmarch, had issue a son, called Robert May, but afterwards Robert de Braibrock, This Robert was one of King John's council, and obtained from him the manor of Corby, in the same county. Henry his son, married Christian, daughter and heir of Wischard Ledet, and Margery, his wife, and died the 18th of Henry III. leaving issue two sons, Wyschard (who assumed the surname of Ledet, from his mother, the heiress of that family), and John, who retained his paternal name, from whom descended Sir Reginald Braibrock, who, by Joan, daughter and heir of Sir John de la Pole, of Ashby, knight, by Joan, his wife, only daughter and heir of John lord Cobham, had issue, Joan, his heir, who married Sir Thomas Brook, lord Cobham, in her right. But Wiscard was the father of Walter, who had only two daughters, his heirs; viz.Alice, who married Sir William Latimer; and Christian, Sir John Latimer, brother to the said Sir William (vid. Latimer), from the last of whom, the Griffins, barons of Braybroke, are descended. ..."
[The Dormant and Extinct Baronage of England...by Christopher Banks] 
LEDET, Margery (I77345)
 
26
JEANde Dampierre, son of GUILLAUME II Seigneur de Dampierre & hiswife Marguerite II Ctss of Flanders and Hainaut (-1258).  The Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana names (in order) "Guillelmum Guodnem etIohannem" as the three sons of "Guillelmo domino de Dampetra et Margaretæ", specifying that "primo mortuo sine liberisin tornramento apud Trasegnies"1356. Matthew Paris specifies that his parents had "two others" when herecords the parentage of his brother Guillaume, but does not name the otherchildren1357. The Annales Blandinienses name "Iohannde Dampetra"as brother of Guy Count of Flanders, when recording the liberation of the twobrothers from captivity in Holland1358. He succeeded his father in 1231 as Seigneur de Dampierre-sur-l'Aube,de Sompuis et de Saint-Dizier, Vicomte de Troyes and Connétable de Champagne.  He was captured at the battle of West-Capelle 4 Jul 1253 by his half-brother Jean d'Avesnes Comte de Hainaut, released in early 1257.  In Jun 1256 he recognised that theofficer of Connétable de Champagne was not hereditary1359. 
m (9 Mar 1250) as herfirst marriage, LAURE de Lorraine,daughter of MATHIEU II Duke of Lorraine & his wife Catherine de Limbourg(1234/37-after 3 May 1288).  She married secondly (after 29 Mar 1266) Guillaume II deVergy Seigneur de Mirebeau et d'Autrey, seneschal of Burgundy. 
Jean & his wife had two children.
http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CHAMPAGNE%20NOBILITY.htm#_Toc394741403 
Jean de Dampierre, Seigneur de Dampierre-sur-l'Aube, de Sompuis et de Saint-Dizier, Vicomte de Troyes and Connétable de Champagne (I58502)
 
27
THE SEIZURE OF "THE PEMBROOK" BY THE ACADIANS
Yarmouth Vanguard, Tuesday, January 23, 1990
There have been several seizures or attempts of seizures by the Acadians of vessels taking them into exile. In the accounts which have come down to us, tradition has at times confused one for the other. The best known of these seizures is that of the Pembroke. Its most reliable account comes from Placide Gaudet, the well known Acadian genealogist, who held it from a grandson of Pierre Belliveau, dit Piau, of Memramcook, this Pierre Belliveau being the brother of Charles Belliveau who conducted the seizure. I may note that they were brothers to Jean Belliveau, the ancestor of the Belliveaus of Belliveau's Cove; they were the sons of another Jean Belliveau and of Madeleine Melanson, of Port Royal.
While the authorities were making plans to expel the Acadians, they requested the Pembrook, a scow, to come to Annapolis Royal to pick up the Acadians to bring them into exile. On its way, it encountered a storm and broke its mainmast. Charles Belliveau, who was a ship contractor and a skillful navigator, was summoned to replace the mast as soon as possible with a new one. When he asked for his pay, he was just laughed at. He then threatened to cut the mast, that which was enough for the authorities to give him the amount of money that had been agreed upon.
Little did he know then that a few weeks later he would have to embark on that very vessel to be taken into exile. It happened on December, 8, 1755, at 5 o'clock in the morning. They were 226 Acadians in all, men, women and children, comprising 32 families. They were heading for South Carolina.
The armed sloop Baltimore escorted them up to New York. When the Pembrook was left to sail on its own, the Acadian prisoners started to make plans to seize it. It happened that they were allowed to go on deck for a short while half a dozen at a time. Six of the most capable men having taken their turn on the deck, among whom was Charles Belliveau, they were told after a while to go down the hole, when six others were asked to take their place. Instead of going down, those six who were already on deck seized their guards, and, with the help of the six others who had already come up, plus a few more who followed, it did not take them long to bound all eight members of the crew, hand and foot, the captain included.
That is when Charles Belliveau took the wheel. As there was a down wind, the vessel was turned around easily and it headed back north. The captain, in his shackles, hollered that he was going to break the mainmast, because it was weak. Charles Belliveau answered that he was lying, that he, himself, had made it and set it and that it could withstand any wind forever.
They were steering for the St. John River, N.B. A few days before they arrived, they landed the captain and the crew on the shore, probably in Maine. Luckily, all the way, they did not encounter any ships or vessels. They arrived in St. John January 8, 1756, having been on the Pembrook exactly one month.
They had been about another month in the vicinity of St. John, when, on February 9, an English vessel anchored in St. John harbour, flying the French flag. They said that they were from Louisbourg and that they were looking for a pilot to anchor further up the harbour. Notwithstanding that it was a trap, one of the Acadians fell into it. He had hardly gotten aboard the English vessel, which in reality was coming from Annapolis Royal, that the captain hoisted the English ensign and fired his cannon.
The Acadian families, who at first had taken refuge near the mouth of the river, had been sent further up where they could be more secure. When they heard the cannon, they ran to see what was taking place. That is when they noticed that the English vessel was going toward the Pembrook, surely to get hold of it. They had time to take away from it the firearms and other objects which had been left in it. They then set it on fire and started to fire on the English vessel, which was obliged to leave.
Feb. 18, 1756, Governor Lawrence wrote from Halifax to Governor Shirley of Massachusetts: "I lately sent a party of Rangers in a schooner to St. John's River. As the men were clothed like French soldiers and the schooner under French colours, I had hopes by such a deceit, not only to discover what it was doing there but to bring off some of the St. John's Indians. The Officer found there an English Ship, one of our Transports that sailed from Annapolis Royal with French inhabitants aboard bound for the Continent, but the inhabitants had risen upon the master and crew and carried the ship into that harbour, our people would have brought her off but by an accident they discovered themselves too soon, upon which the French set fire to the ship. They have brought back with them one French man, who says there have been no Indians there for some time ... he informs also that there is a French officer and about 20 men twenty-three miles up the river at place called St. Ann's," which was on the west side of what is now Fredericton. It could be that he informed Lawrence that those men were at 23 miles up the river to lead him purposely into error, because between St. John and Fredericton there are 85 miles.
Among other testimonies regarding this seizure, we have a letter dated July 31, 1756, from the "inhabitants of St. John River", sent to Father Daudin, former pastor at Annapolis, in which they tell him that they "revolted without any defense from the English, took charge of the vessel and have arrived happily at St. John River, from where we write this letter." Father Daudin did not see this letter, as he died suddenly in Paris the following month, while he was getting ready to return to Acadia.
Most of these Acadians who were on the Pembrook migrated to Quebec, where their descendants are still to be found. 
BELLIVEAU, Charles (I320)
 
28
THROCKMORTON, John (d.1445), of Throckmorton in Fladbury, Worcs. and Coughton, Warws.
Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1386-1421, ed. J.S. Roskell, L. Clark, C. Rawcliffe., 1993
Available from Boydell and Brewer Biography Detail

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WORCESTERSHIRE Nov. 1414WORCESTERSHIRE1420WORCESTERSHIRE1422WORCESTERSHIRE1432WORCESTERSHIRE1433WORCESTERSHIRE1439Family and Education

s. and h. of Thomas Throckmorton*. m. shortly aft. 30 June 1409, Eleanor, da. and coh. of Guy Spyne* of Coughton, 2s. Thomas† and John†, 6da.
Offices Held


Commr. of inquiry, Worcs. Jan. 1414 (lollards), Glos., Herefs., Worcs., Salop, Staffs. July 1427 (concealments), Salop July 1428 (q. claims to Mold castle), Oxon., Berks., Glos., Worcs., Herefs., Salop, Staffs. July 1434 (concealments), Warws. Jan. 1439 (forestalling); to seize the lands of Sir John Mortimer, Worcs. Apr. 1416; of gaol delivery, Worcester July 1416, Nov. 1435; array, Worcs. Mar. 1419; to raise royal loans Nov. 1419, Warws., Worcs., Glos. July 1426, May 1428, Worcs. Mar. 1430, Glos. Mar. 1431, Glos., Worcs. Feb. 1434, Worcs. Mar. 1439, Nov. 1440, Aug. 1442; allocate tax rebates Dec. 1433, Apr. 1440; administer the oath against maintenance Jan. 1434; assess graduated income tax, London Jan. 1436; of oyer and terminer, Worcs. Jan. 1439; to treat for payment of a subsidy Feb. 1441.

J.p. Worcs. 16 Jan. 1414-d., Warws. 26 Oct. 1433-Dec. 1439.

Dep. sheriff, Worcs. (by appointment of Richard, earl of Warwick) 2 Nov. 1416-5 Sept. 1418, Mich. 1419-20 Oct. 1420, Mich. 1430-1.

Escheator, Worcs. 4 Nov. 1418-23 Nov. 1419.

Warwick chamberlain of the Exchequer Dec. 1418-d.1

Under treasurer of the Exchequer 19 July 1433-c. July 1443.2
Biography

Merely tenants of the bishops of Worcester in the manor of Throckmorton, the Throckmortons owed their rise in the early 15th century almost entirely to John’s legal and administrative ability and the family connexion with the earls of Warwick. It was the latter which afforded the opportunity for his marriage to Eleanor Spyne, whose father, a Beauchamp retainer, was a tenant of the earl’s in the south Warwickshire manor of Coughton. Throckmorton thus acquired a moiety of Coughton (and an agreement made by his widow and elder son with the heir to the other moiety was later to bring that into the family, too). In Worcestershire he inherited from his parents, besides Throckmorton, some property in Rous Lench, and his success as a lawyer enabled him to extend these holdings and to become a landowner of some substance. He managed to persuade Bishop Peverel of Worcester to alter the terms of his tenure of Throckmorton, so that from 1415 he held it for an annual fee farm of £12; and in 1436 he was to grant Bishop Bourgchier other property worth £12 a year in order to obtain the manor in fee simple. Over the years he acquired parcels of land elsewhere in Worcestershire, in Thorndon, Hull, Moor, Bishampton and Pinvin, and he purchased the manor of Spernall in Warwickshire.3
Throckmorton first came to public notice in 1413, when he was acting as legal advisor to Sir John Phelip*, a personal friend of the new King, Henry V: he attended the Worcestershire elections held that spring, when Phelip was one of those returned, and subsequently acted on his behalf as a feoffee of property in Kent. Throckmorton was himself elected to Parliament in November 1414 (curiously enough, his name was also recorded on the list of witnesses to the electoral indenture), and that same month he became one of Phelip’s trustees in the considerable and widespread estates of Grovebury priory, for the purpose of effecting an entail on Sir John and his young wife Alice, the only child of the then Speaker, Thomas Chaucer of Ewelme. Subsequently, in 1415, Phelip named Throckmorton as an executor of his will. In this, as in other respects, Throckmorton’s career bore close similarities to that of a contemporary Worcestershire lawyer, John Wood I*, and after Phelip’s death at Harfleur the two of them both became more intimately involved in the affairs of Richard, earl of Warwick. Throckmorton himself was formally retained by the earl on 28 Oct. 1416, then being granted by him an annuity of £7 13s.4d. from rents in Fladbury and Bishampton; furthermore, just five days later Warwick appointed him deputy sheriff of Worcestershire, where the Beauchamps held the shrievalty in fee. The accounts of the earl’s receiver-general (John Baysham) for 1417-18 reveal him as already the most prominent and active member of Warwick’s council, engaged on many administrative tasks on their lord’s behalf. Thus, he spent from October to December 1417 in London on business with other councillors; in January he was concerned with the vexed problem of the estates of Thomas, late Lord Berkeley, the earl’s father-in-law; and he travelled to Berkeley, Bristol, Bath and Southampton before embarking in April for Normandy in order to consult with Warwick at Caen. Clearly, Throckmorton had already become a trusted confidant of the earl. Warwick’s affairs involved him in much legal business, not only in the disputes over the Berkeley estates with Lord Thomas’s heir male, James, Lord Berkeley, and in its corollary, a lawsuit before the King’s Council brought by Sir Humphrey Stafford II* of Hooke (who supported Lord James) following his alleged eviction from Perton (Staffordshire) by Warwick’s retainers; but also, for example, in prosecuting suits against the bishop of Lincoln. In addition, during the earl’s absence in France, he often acted as his attorney for the presentation to ecclesiastical livings in the Beauchamp patronage. Significant of the closeness of his connexion with Earl Richard was Throckmorton’s appointment for life in December 1418 as Warwick chamberlain at the Exchequer, which earned him a fee of about £10 a year. In June 1421, when the earl was again in France, Throckmorton escorted the countess of Warwick on an urgent journey to Gloucestershire, returning with her to London after their business had been completed.4
The Beauchamp connexion was always a dominant feature in Throckmorton’s career, touching on many of his activities, and in the 1420s and 1430s he was frequently associated with other of the earl’s feoffees, retainers and estate staff, such as (Sir) William Mountfort I*, John Harewell*, Nicholas Rody* and Robert Andrew II*. In October 1418 he had obtained jointly with another Warwick retainer, William Wollashull*, the wardship of the lands of the late Thomas Crewe*, formerly chief steward of the earl’s estates, and in May 1421 he headed the list of electors in Worcestershire when Wollashull and John Wood were returned as Members of the Commons. He was accompanied to his own third Parliament, in 1422, by John Vampage† of Pershore, also counsel to Warwick; and in the following year he witnessed the earl’s grant of an annuity to Robert Stanshawe† (Member for Gloucestershire in the same Parliament), and was party, as one of the earl’s feoffees, to a marriage settlement on Richard Curson (later to be his fellow executor of Warwick’s will). Also in 1423 he and John Verney, clerk (then receiver-general of Warwick’s estates), provided securities for the payment of 500 marks by the young Thomas, Lord Roos, to procure the permission of the King’s Council to marry whom he chose. It is clear that they were acting in the Beauchamp interest, for Roos promptly married one of the earl’s daughters. In 1425 Throckmorton was admitted to the fraternity of St. Albans abbey as a member of Warwick’s entourage, and that same year he was made a trustee of the earl’s estates in eight counties. Other transactions brought him into contact with Warwick’s son-in-law John, Lord Talbot: in July 1426 he stood surety for Talbot when he was granted a royal wardship; and in the same month he, Talbot and Robert Andrew were party to recognizances in the sum of £3,000 by which they were bound to deliver to the keeper of the privy seal within six months the earl’s indenture of retainer for service overseas with a company of 400 men. During 1427 Throckmorton was active as the earl’s feoffee and attorney, notably in the patronage of Necton church; and his trusteeship of the estates of Grovebury priory for the late Sir John Phelip and his widow Alice, now countess of Salisbury, was no doubt instrumental in securing the sale in 1429 of their reversion after Alice’s death to his lord. Some time in the 1420s Earl Richard and his followers Throckmorton and Vampage sat as arbiters in the dispute between his aunt Joan, Lady Beauchamp of Abergavenny, and Sir Maurice Berkeley† of Uley, arising from Joan’s purchase of the former Botetourt estates. In 1430 the earl made Throckmorton a feoffee in the reversion of the Beauchamp manor of Wick by Pershore, to the use of Vampage, about the same time granting him an extra annuity of 20 marks. Throughout this period Throckmorton was a prominent figure in Worcestershire, where he attended the parliamentary elections of 1423, 1427 and 1431. His local standing must have owed much to the fact that from 1428 Warwick was ‘governor’ to the young King, Henry VI.5
Besides the many services he performed on behalf of Warwick and fellow members of the Beauchamp affinity (for instance, the executorship of John Baysham’s will), Throckmorton could not neglect his duties at the Exchequer. There were many perquisites to be gained there, and he had not been slow to profit from his knowledge of lucrative wardships coming into the Crown’s gift. Among the properties he secured for himself on Exchequer leases were the manors of Bickmarsh (Worcestershire) and Wolston (Warwickshire), as well as lands in Derbyshire belonging to the late Sir Philip Leche*. Another important concession, shared with Vampage and with his own maternal aunt Joan, widow of Sir William Clopton (formerly one of Warwick’s retainers), was the farm of the substantial estates in Shropshire and Wales which Lord Talbot’s henchman Hugh Burgh* had held in right of his wife. Throckmorton spent some time in Rouen with Earl Richard in 1432, but he also sat in the Parliament held at Westminster that year. During his fifth Parliament, that of 1433, he was named as a member of the committee appointed to oversee the administration of the will of Edmund, earl of March (d.1425), whose creditors were demanding satisfaction. He may have owed this particular appointment to his new position as under treasurer, an office held by nomination of Ralph, Lord Cromwell, which he was to combine with his chamberlainship for the next ten years. It is not surprising that many of the royal commissions to which Throckmorton was appointed concerned the collection of revenues due to the Crown, the raising of loans, and the discovery of concealments. From August 1433 until May 1435 he shared the farm of the temporalities of the see of Worcester during its vacancy, and, similarly, in 1438 he took responsibility for that of the vacant see of Chichester.6
Throckmorton maintained his proximity to the earl of Warwick right up to the latter’s death at Rouen (where he was acting Regent of France) on 30 Apr. 1439. Thus, in 1435 he had stood surety for Sir John (now Lord) Tiptoft* and John Merbury* when they were allowed to farm the lordship of Abergavenny, which, following the death of Joan, Lady Abergavenny, then pertained to the earl; and two years later he and others as the earl’s trustees were demised the keeping of the same. In the meantime, he had provided securities for Warwick at the Exchequer when he had taken out a lease of the late duke of Bedford’s property in the Forest of Dean. When Earl Richard made his will on 13 Aug. 1437 he named Throckmorton as an executor, and as a consequence, in May 1439, within a few days of the earl’s death, he began to serve as one of the committee, authorized by the King’s Council and headed by the duke of York, placed in control of the administration of the Beauchamp estates during the minority of the heir, Henry, to the use of the widowed countess and for the fulfilment of the will. Throckmorton’s last return to Parliament, later that same year, was probably prompted by the need for some representative of the Beauchamp interest in the Commons. During the session, on 18 Nov., he was made one of the Countess Isabel’s own feoffees in her dower estates for their administration during her illness and for the completion of her will; and he continued to act in that capacity following her death (which occurred shortly afterwards) and until his own. Such were the responsibilities with which Throckmorton was preoccupied in his later years.7
A lawyer of Throckmorton’s ability would naturally be often called upon to assist his neighbours and friends in their transactions and dealings. Thus, in the Parliaments of 1435, 1439 and 1442 he acted as proxy for the abbot of Evesham; and he took on the feoffeeship of the substantial estates both of Sir William Clopton and of Sir Hugh Cokesey†, the stepson of his earliest patron, Sir John Phelip. His position as under treasurer involved him in financial dealings with the monks at Westminster abbey, and also in the personal affairs of the treasurer, Lord Cromwell, including the trusteeship of estates belonging to the latter’s kinsman Robert Deincourt of Kirton (Lincolnshire), and his participation, as a feoffee-to-uses, in his purchase of the estates of John, Lord Fanhope. Throckmorton also performed services for the Lords Ferrers of Chartley, from whom he received an annual fee of £3 6s.8d.8
Throughout his life Throckmorton’s closest friends were the Worcestershire lawyers, John Vampage, William Wollashull and John Wood, while the marriages of his children connected him with several other gentry families. The husbands of his six daughters included Robert Russell† of Strensham—whose election to Parliament in 1435 he attended—John Rous, Thomas Wynslow† and Thomas, son of Sir Thomas Green† of Norton; while his younger son, John, was married to Isabel, daughter and heiress of Edward Bridges of Haresfield, whose wardship and marriage he had purchased at the Exchequer in 1436.9 Throckmorton was quite conventional in his attitude to the Church: he obtained papal licences to have a portable altar and his own confessor, and he and his wife became members of the fraternity of Evesham abbey. He died in London on 12 Apr. 1445, the same day as he made his will. Practical matters predominated: he insisted that his executors should give priority to the payment of debts and pointed out that since ‘j have ben all dayes of my life in my countree asoever in the world as the world asketh’ he had naturally been involved in many transactions and covenants and there might well come forward men with claims that he had not faithfully performed his tasks; if anyone could prove his case he was to have redress. Then, too, if it was shown that he had received fees without providing services the dissatisfied party was to be recompensed. The will’s stipulations attest both the local and the London side of the testator’s life: he left £2 to Worcester cathedral and similar sums to two houses of friars there; in London the four orders of friars were to receive £1 each, a like sum was to go towards the building fund at St. Bridget’s in Fleet Street, and 6s. was granted to each of the prisons in the City. Bequests of money (varying in amount from £20 to 100 marks) were made to his six sons-in-law, but as executors he named his wife Eleanor, his elder son Thomas (knight of the shire for Worcestershire in the Parliament then in session), and Rawlyn Ingoldsby (who was to receive £20 for his labour). Although Throckmorton had ceased to be under treasurer when Ralph Butler, Lord Sudeley, had succeeded Cromwell two years previously, he nevertheless chose Sudeley as supervisor ‘for grete affians and trust that I have hadde in his lordeship and shall have aftir my deth’. He was buried in the church at Fladbury in a large altar tomb, which also accommodated his parents and, later, his widow and elder son.10
Throckmorton’s widow procured letters of confraternity from the prior and chapter of Christ Church, Canterbury, for herself and her sons, and Throckmorton was accorded the ‘beneficium capituli’ of inclusion in its martyrology. In 1448 Eleanor obtained letters patent, granted in consideration of Throckmorton’s loyal service to each of the three Lancastrian kings, to found chantries at Fladbury and in the monastic churches of Pershore and Evesham, in which prayers were to be said for the King and queen, and masses celebrated for the souls of her late husband, his parents, Henry IV, Henry V and Queen Katherine. Thomas Throckmorton continued in the service of the earls of Warwick, acting for Richard Neville as steward of his Worcestershire estates in 1451 and receiving an annuity of £10 as his gift from then until 1457. He also held office as steward of the estates of Bishop Carpenter of Worcester, with whom he had a ‘league of friendship’. By the end of the reign, however, he was employed as attorney-general to Edward, prince of Wales, and both he and his brother, John, chose to support the Lancastrian regime rather than Neville and his confederates, John being beheaded as a consequence immediately after the Yorkist victory at Mortimer’s Cross.11
Ref Volumes: 1386-1421
Author: L. S. Woodger


Notes

1. E403/638 m. 16.
2.EHR, lxxii. 673; PRO List ‘Exchequer Offs.’ 197.
3.Misc. Gen. et Her. (ser. 5), vi. 232-3, 235, 240-4; W. Dugdale, Warws. ii. 749-50; VCH Warws. iii. 80-81, 173; CPR, 1413-16, p. 340; 1436-41, p. 46; CPL, vi. 457, vii. 85; VCH Worcs. iii. 499.
4. C219/11/2, 5; CPR, 1408-13, p. 470; 1413-16, p. 259; PCC 43 Marche; CCR, 1413-19, pp. 234-5; 1419-22, p. 28; Egerton Roll 8773; C. Ross, Estates and Finances Richard Beauchamp (Dugdale Soc. occ. pprs. xii), 11-14; Trans. Bristol and Glos. Arch. Soc. lxx. 88; T.R. Nash, Worcs. ii. 355, 451; F. Blomefield, Norf. vi. 111.
5.CFR, xiv. 255; C219/12/5, 13/2, 5; CPR, 1422-9, pp. 201, 350; 1446-52, p. 22; CCR, 1422-9, pp. 127, 277, 455; 1429-35, pp. 226-7; Warws. Feet of Fines (Dugdale Soc. xviii), nos. 2539, 2555; Blomefield, vi. 53; C1/19/6; Wm. Salt Arch. Soc. n.s. vii. 251; SC12/18/45 f. 1; Add. Ch. 20432; Dorset Feet of Fines 306; Cott. Nero DVII, f. 151.
6.Early Lincoln Wills ed. Gibbons, 156-7; Reg. Chichele, ii. 504; VCH Warws. v. 190; CFR, xv. 38, 163, 225; xvi. 21, 116-17, 171; xvii. 19; RP, iv. 471; CCR, 1422-9, p. 339.
7.CFR, xvi. 254, 264, 314, 342; xvii. 122; PCC 19 Rous; Dugdale, 247; CPR, 1436-41, pp. 279, 359-60, 408, 429; Misc. Gen. et Her. 232.
8. SC10/49/2427, 2432, 50/2460; Wm. Salt Arch. Soc. xi. 226; CFR, xiv. 276, xix. 278-9, 280-1; DKR, xxxvii (pt. 2), 156-7, 710; CPR, 1416-22, p. 247; 1436-41, pp. 422, 495, 553; 1441-6, pp. 237, 267, 391; CAD, iii. C3722; CCR, 1435-41, p. 476; 1441-7, pp. 51, 218-19, 222-3, 229; HMC De L’Isle and Dudley, i. 18; E163/7/31 pt. 1.
9.CPR, 1436-41, p. 23; 1441-6, p. 344; 1452-61, p. 288; Warws. Feet of Fines no. 2603; CCR, 1435-41, pp. 145, 346-7; CAD, vi. C5242; CFR, xvi. 304, 321; CP25(1)260/27/30; C219/14/5.
10.CPL, vii. 325, 328; Add. 28564 f. 31; PCC 31 Luffenham; CFR, xvii. 301; VCH Worcs. iii. 361; Trans. Worcs. Arch. Soc. iv. 140-8.
11.CPR, 1446-52, p. 168; HMC 9th Rep. 114; HP, 1439-1509 ed. Wedgwood, Biogs. 851-3; Warws. RO, Throckmorton mss, box 59 no. 8.
http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/throckmorton-john-1445 
THROCKMORTON, Sir John Lord of Throckmorton and Coughton (I11331)
 
29 Shahpur III appointed Khosrov, a descendant of the Arsacid house, as King of Armenia (385-391), and gave him a sister in marriage. It was not long, however, until Khosrov was dethroned and placed in confinement at Ctesiphon, apparently for too great assertiveness of his royal authority. He had bestowed the Patriarchal power upon Sahak, son of Nerses and well known for his sympathy with the West. He had also restored many feudal lords to their former status of nobility. Vramshapouh, brother of Khosrov, to whom Shahpur now entrusted the rule of Armenia, was not honored with the title of King until ten years later, when Yazdegert I sat upon the throne at Ctesiphon.
On the death of Vramshapouh in 419, the Katholikos visited the Persian court and obtained Yazdegert's consent to the release of Khosrov from his long imprisonment in the fortress of "Oblivion," and his reinstallation upon the Armenian throne.
History of Armenia: http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/Asia/Armenia/_Texts/KURARM/19*.html 
Khosrov IV, King of East Armenia (I24254)
 
30 Alan, son of Roland, as he is constantly styled, succeeded his father as Constable, and also in the lordship of Galloway, with his other large domains in Scotland and England. He is first named in 1196 in connection with lands at Teinford, co. Northampton, which apparently he held apart from his father. After his father's death in 1200, he constantly appears as a witness in royal charters, and apparently took his share in public affairs. He and his mother had, in 1212, an action relatin to Whissendine and Bosegate, lands in Northamptonshire, as to which it was disputer whether Richard de Morville was seised in 1174, and whether he was dispossessed in consequence of the war in that year. The latest act of Alan's father was to offer 500 merks to obtain an assize to settle the question, but it was only determined on 29 April 1212, or a little later, when a jury found that Richard was so seised and was disseised as stated; later Alan and his mother were called to pay so much into the treasury.
In July of the same year, partly, no doubt, as kinsman, and also as a Scottish baron holding large fiefs in England, he was asked by King John for assistance in the latter's invasion of Ireland. The King begged Alan to send as soon as possible to Chester a thousand of his best and most active Galwegians before Sunday 19 August. For this, and no doubt other services, King John granted him, in 1213, a large number of fiefs in Ireland, which were assigned to him or his agenst, by John, Bishop of Norwich, in a formal assembly at Carrickfergus. To these were added rights of forest and privileges of fairs and markets. The grants were repeated and confirmed two years later, on 27 June 1215. This was a few days after the granting, at Runnymede, of the Great Charter, Alan of Galloway being named among those present as one of the great barons of England. It is not certain what part Alan played in the war which followed later in 1215, whether he sided with the English barons who opposed King John or with the King of Scots, but the destruction of the monastery of Holmcoltram is usually assigned to the ravages of the Galwegians who followed Alexander II in his invasion of England.
It was certainly in 1215 that, according to Fordun, Alan was secured in his Constableship by the new King of Scots. Soon after the accession of King Henry III to the English throne he summoned King Alexander and also Alan of Galloway to deliver up the Castle of Carlisle, and in the beginning of 1219 Alan had a safe-conduct to do homage for his lands in England, which meanwhile were taken in King Henry's hands. Alan was present at York on 15 June 1220, and swore to observe King Alexander's oaht that he would marry Joanna, the eldest sister of King Henry, and in obedience to a letter from King Henry he made his own personal homage at the same time. The following day his lands were ordered to be restored to him, including his Irish estates. Later he was in active service with his galleys crusing off the coast of Ireland in opposition to Hugh de Lacy, then in rebellion. Lacy submitted to King Henry in 1224, and in the following year Alan was permitted to lease his lands in Ireland and place tenants on them. In October 1229 he was summoned to go abroad with King Henry. One of the latest references to him in English records is a permit to him to send a ship to Ireland to by victuals, between Candlemas and Michaelmas 1232.
His appearance in Scottish record are not so numerous, being chiefly confined to grants or other benefaction to religious houses. He died in 1234, and was buried in the Abbey of Dundrennan.
He married, first, a lady name unknown, said to be daughter of Reginald, Lord ot eh Isles, by whom he had two daughters; secondly, in 1209, Margaret, eldest daughter of David, Earl of Huntingdon, by whom he had a son and two daughters; thirdly in 1228, a daughter of Hugh de Lacy, of Ireland, by whom he had no issue. The Scots Peerage IV:139-141
Alan FitzRoland (c.1175-1234) was the last of the MacFergus dynasty of quasi-independent Lords of Galloway. He was also hereditary Constable of Scotland. He was the son of Lochlann, Lord of Galloway and Helen de Moreville. His date of birth is uncertain, but he was born in or before 1175, as he is considered an adult in 1196.
He married first an unnamed daughter of John, Baron of Pontefract and Constable of Chester; they had two daughters, one named Helen (married Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester) and another who died in 1213. His first wife was dead or divorced by 1209 when he married Margaret of Huntingdon, great granddaughter of David I of Scotland. By this marriage he had two more daughters: Dervorguilla of Galloway, ancestress of John Balliol, and Christina of Galloway. Alan married his last wife, Rohese de Lacy, in 1229, she being the daughter of Hugh de Lacy, 1st Earl of Ulster. By one of his marriages he had a son, Thomas, who predeceased his father (not to be confused with his illegitimate half-brother, also named Thomas).
In 1212 Alan responded to a summons from King John I of England by sending 1,000 troops to join the war against the Welsh. In this year he also sent one of his daughters to England as a hostage. She died in 1213 in the custody of her maternal uncle. Alan is listed as one of the 16 men who counseled King John regarding the Magna Carta.
Alan, like his forebears, maintained a carefully ambiguous relationship with both the English and Scottish states, acting as a vassal when it suited his purpose and as an independent monarch when he could get away with it. His considerable sea power allowed him to supply fleets and armies to aid the English King John in campaigns both in France and Ireland.
In 1228 he invaded the Isle of Man and fought a sea-war against Norway in support of Reginald, Prince of Man, who was engaged in a fratricidal struggle with his brother Olaf for possession of the island.
Alan died in 1234 and is buried at Dundrennan Abbey in Galloway. With Alan's death his holdings were divided between his three daughters and their husbands. A popular attempt was made within Galloway to establish his illegitimate son, Thomas, as ruler, but this failed, and Galloway's period as an independent political entity came to an end.
wwww.wikipedia.org: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan,_Lord_of_Galloway 
Alan of Galloway, Lord of Galloway (I8642)
 
31 ERMENGARDE (-after 1018). Ernest Petit suggests that Ermengarde, wife of Milon III Comte de Tonnerre, was the daughter of Rainard and heiress of Bar-sur-Seine. A family connection is indicated by the charter dated to 992/1005 uner which “Milo comes Tornodorensis castri” donated property "in villa…Curtis-Secreta" to the monastery of Saint-Michel, with the consent of “coniugis mee Ermengarde et carissimorum filiorum meorum Achardi, Rainardi et Alberici”, the property being the same as the subject of the 992 charter witnessed by "…Raynardus comes…". She married MILO IV Comte de Tonnerre, son of --- (950/65-1002 or after).
http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CHAMPAGNE%20NOBILITY.htm#EngelbertIIIBriennedied1008B 
Ermengarde de Bar-sur-Seine (I5001)
 
32 The time was the early 1930's and Bud was now staying with his sister, Blanche and her husband Joseph Nemeth in Beloit, Wisconsin. Joseph was working at the Beloit Iron Works and was able to find work for Bud. Joseph then made it possible for Bud to enter into a four-year apprenticeship as a pattern and model maker there at the Iron Works.

A young fellow was always looking for a little extra cash. It was wintertime and the local town shops needed their sidewalks shoveled of snow. One of those businesses was the Beuty Shop and Bud's sister knew the owner.

Esther, having graduated from high school and then Beauty School, was a beautician at this local shop. Bud seemed like a nice young man . . . and Esther was a pretty young woman. As the story was told, Bud asked Esther if she would like to go to the movie theatre with him this one evening. She said yes!

Mom had a date that evening though with Arnie Morse, one of the town's firemen, but she told Arnie that her mother was ill and that she would have to stay home to attend to her.

As Bud and Esther were getting settled into their seats before the movie started, someone tapped on Esther's shoulder. She turned to see who was there. It was Arnie Morse . . . "Your mother must have made a miraculous recovery," he said. Arnie, with his date, Thelma, and Esther with Bud, enjoyed the fun of the evening and remained friends for the rest of their lives.

After fisishing his apprenticeship, Bud and Esther were married on September 5, 1936. Early on that Saturday, they said their vows in St. Peter's Catholic Church rectory. At that time, because Bud was not a Catholic, they could not be married in the church. They then had a breakfast reception with family and friends.

******

WHO DONE IT ?
Early Spring 1967 , Bob & Rita's apartment Las Vegas, Nevada

The cake was mixed and placed in the oven. The chocolate smelled so good as the mixture rose high and light. The frosting was blended and tasted for the right consistency. All was completed for the cooled cake, desert befitting a King, and as the evening drew late, everyone longed for that second piece before bedtime, with a tall glass of milk.

The apartment was full for the weekend. Mom and Dad were in town visiting for a few days, anxious to play with their little grand daughter and pull a few handles on those 'one arm bandits.'

Finally, as bedtime neared, we all decided to raid the refrigerator for that long awaited piece of chocolate cake. All stood with forks and plates in hand, as I opened the refrigerator door. Who would have believed it? Someone had eaten the frosting from one whole slice of cake.

There were four adult people in the house, and one little baby. Three of these people were known, notorious frosting stealers, but who did it this time? I said it was dad. Dad said it was me. Bob thought it was mom and she said it was Bob. Everyone denied being quilty. The mystery continued. . .

As we gathered each passing year, the same question would be asked, "Who ate the frosting off the cake?" Each in turn would accuse the others.

With not too many days left of my father's life, and trying to make him laugh, I asked this question once again, "Who ate the frosting off the cake?" Seventeen years had passed and still the mystery remained unsolved. He answered me with a smile and a twinkle in his eyes, "It wasn't me."

Finally, the quilty party stepped forward and admitted stealing that gooey, fudge frosting off the slice of chocolate cake, so many years ago. It was Bob Bigony. This increased the number of notorious frosting stealers now to four. Case solved . . . 
KEEFER, Harmon Godfried (I50603)
 
33 Willelm Luvel. William Lovel, lord of Ivry-la-Bataille, son of Ascelin Goel of Ivry and Isabel de Breteuil. A rebel against Henry I, he married, c 1112, Matilda sister of Waleran count of Meulan, IN 1124 he made his peace with Henry and was granted a large estate in England. He submitted to Geoffrey of Anjou and attested charters of Henry of Normandy in the 1150s. He died between 1166 and 1170. He left issue Waleran (his heir in Normandy), Robert (his heir in England), Isabel and Helisend. See Comp. Peer. viii, 208 note c. Held one fee in chief at Docking, Norfolk, in 1166. In 1242/3 John Luvel held one fee of the king in chief at Docking, Southmere and Titchwell (Fees, 912). Domesday Descendants p1017

WILLIAM LOVEL (Lupellus), brother and heir of Waleran d'Ivry, who gave his English lands to William and died about 1177. He joined the rebellion of his brother-in-law Waleran, Count of Meulan, in 1123, and took part in the unsuccessful attempt to relieve the castle of Vatteville in March 1124, but shortly after escaped from the battle of Bourgthéroulde, where the rebels were defeated. Later in the same year he made his peace with the King, and thereafter received considerable grants of land in England. A writ of Geoffrey, Duke of Normandy, is addressed to him between 1144 and 1150, and in 1150-1151 he witnessed at Rouen the charter of Henry, Duke of Normandy, for the town of Rouen. In 1153 his lands in Normandy and, those of his brother, Roger le Bègue, were overrun, and laid waste by Simon de Montfort, Count of Evreux. At some time before 1162 he, with his wife and son Waleran, gave to the abbey of Haute-Bruyère three modii of meal from the mills of his castle of Ivry.
He married Maud, daughter of Robert, and sister of Waleran, COUNT OF MEULAN, and sister also of Robert, EARL OF LEICESTER. He was living in 1166, but dead in 1170. His widow was living in 1189.
Complete Peerage VIII:211-2, XIV:454, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)

This noblemanm was nicknamed :upelius, or the little wolf, which designation was softened into Lupel, and thence to Luvel, and became the surname of most of his descendants.
A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited... 
LOVEL, William Goel Seigneur d'Ivri et Breval (I6100)
 
34 "Cil de Saie," mentioned by Wace in his account of the battle of Hastings, took his name from the vill of Saium or Say, about nine miles to the west of Exmes, the caput of Roger de Montgomeri's Norman Viscountcy, and held under Roger in Normandy, as he afterwards did in England. He is known as Picot de Say, for Ficot, or Picot, at first a sobriquet only, is given as his recognised appellation in Domesday; thought the son and grandson that inherited his barony were always styled De Say. There is still extant the charter by which he, with his wife Adeloya, and his two sons, Robert and Henry, bestowed lands in 1060 on the Abbey founded by his suzerain at Seez. He came over to England in Roger's train; and was one of those to whom, according to Orderic, the new Earl 'gave commands' in Shorpshire. Twenty-nine manors wre allowed to him; and Clun, as the largest of them, gave its name to his bariony. In 1083, he, with the other principal men of the country, was summoned to attend at the dedication of Shrewsbury Abbey. His son Henry succeeded him, and was followed in the next generation by Helias.
Battle Abbey Roll III:126

Say, Sai, of Shropshire.
Sai: Orne, arr. and cant. Argentan.
Picot, who was a substantial under-tenant of Earl Roger of Montgomery at Clun and elsewhere in Shropshire, is shown by the devolution of his lands to have been Picot de Say. Robert, Abbot of St-Martin de Sees granted the privilege of burial to Robert and Henry their sons; and in return Picot (as he is henceforth called) and his wife gave to the abbey "edificium matris Picot cum virgulto quod habebat juxta ecclesiam sancte Marie de Vrou" and confirmed a third of the church of Sai which Osmelinus de Sayo gave at the same time, giving also meadow land in the meadows "de Juvigneio"; the charter is subscribed by Earl Roger, Picot and his wife and two sons. "Vrou" is clearly Urou, the next parish to Sai, and Juvigni the parish immediately south of Sai. An agreement was made on 17 May 1086 in the court of Robert de Belleme between Picot de Saio and Droco de Coimis as to the dower which Droco's brother William had given to Adeloia his wife, who had been remarried to Picot. This is further evidence of Picot's tenure under the house of Montgomery-Belleme, and suggests that the charter to St-Martin de Sees was considerably later than 1060, the date to which it has been assigned.
Origins of Some Anglo-Norman Families

The first member of the family of Say mentioned by Sir William Dugdale is Picot de Say, who, in the time of the Conqueror, and living in 1083, was one of the principal persons in the co. Salop under Roger de Montgomery, Earl of Shrewsbury. The next is Ingelram de Say, one of the staunchest adherents of King Stephen in his contest with the Empress Maud, and made prisoner with the monarch at the battle of Lincoln. After this gallant and faithful solder, we come to William de Say, son of William de Say, and grandson, of William de Say, who came into England with the Conqueror. Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 476, Saye, or Say, Barons Saye 
Picot de Say, Lord of Clun (I5725)
 
35 "Danby Lodge was the former residence of the Dawnay family during the shooting season. It was in 1656 that the manor of Danby came into the possession of the Dawnays, when they paid Ð4102 for it. The house did not afford accommodation for a large retinue, but merely for small parties who participated in the field sports with Lord Downe.
At one time the lodge boasted a portrait of Catherine Parr (the sixth and last wife of Henry VIII married in 1543). The portrait hung in one of the spacious rooms, but regrettably was removed from the lodge when the building was opened as a National Park Centre in 1975. Catherine Parr lived for several years at nearby Danby Castle with her second husband - Lord John Latimer. Catherine's husband died in London in 1543, and four months later on 12th July, she became Queen of England" 
LE LATIMER, William III, Lord Latimer (I10278)
 
36 "Family of Bassett" takes Margaret verch Owain's lineage up through Jestyn ap Gwrgan, however, chronologically it seemed unlikely that Cradock ap Meredith ap Justin ap Gwrgan was the correct lineage. It seems more likely that at least one generation was missing and since names in Welsh lineages are sometime repeated, the missing generation must be Caradog (Cardoc, Cradock) ap Jestyn. It is known that Caradog had a son named Maredudd (Meredith), therefore this seems a plausable link. AP MAREDUDD, Caradog (I25180)
 
37 "Ughna daughter of the King Denmark - or Una "daughter of a legendary king of Lachlainn." Ughna of the Danes (I76451)
 
38 (1) "Know all present andc. That we Sir Dus Warin de Vernon and Auda Malbanc my wife have granted andc to Sir Duo Tho de Samford 20 messuages and 3 salt' houses with liberty of tool of salt situate in Wich Malbank in lenght between that street called 'frog rowe' and a certain cistern called 'Mistel siche' and in breadth between the wich-house of Robert Praers of Badelegh and a certain lane leading to the said street andc. Witnesses Warin de Hanywell, Richard his brother, Richard le Clerk, and others." (Harl. MSS 1967, f 111)
(2) "Ralph de Vernon grants to John de Wetenhale all his lands in Acton near Wich Malbank and all his share of the mill called 'Frogghe Mulne' andc. Witnesses, Hugh de Venables, Ricahrd de Mascy, William de Brereton, Knights, Robert de Brescy the sheriff of Chester" andc. (Ches Recog Rolls)
The above charters are undated, as was usual in deeds prior to 1300; but from the mention of Warin de Vernon, who was the second husband of Auda the daughter of William third Baron of Wich Malbank, the former granter must have been made before the year 1200; and the latter probably subsequent to that date. Nantwich History pp4-5 
DE VERNON, Warin Baron of Shipbroke (I8943)
 
39 (c) In 1166 Roger de Ebroicis held 4 fees, and Walter de Ebroicis 3 fees of Hugh de Lacy of Ewyas and Weobley, co. Hereford. Roger is usually supposed to have been ancestor of the family of Deverois of Lyonshall, Walter of that of Deverois of Bodenham, but this conjecture is untrue: for it appears from Bracton's Note Book, #227, that Roger de Ebreicis, living in the reign of Henry II, held 2 knights' fees in Eylnarhestona and Puttelega, and d. s.p,. leaving his sisters as heirs. Stephen de Ebroicis was granted the vill of Frome Herberti by his uncle Stephen de Longchamp, in 1205, and the manor of Wilby, co. Norfolk, by the Earl of Pembroke. Complete Peerage IV:302
From these statements and those of the Battle Abbey roll which further states that a son of William, youngest brother of Richard, Count of Eveux married a sister of Walter de Lacy of Hereford which in turn were the ancestors of the William Devereux who died at Evesham, it seems most likely that this would be the parentage of Stephen d'Evereux. 
Walter d'Evereux (I25090)
 
40 *Tonantius Ferreolus. *VII. xii. i; I. vii. 4; II. ix. i. Grandson of the Consul Afranius Syagrius, and through his •mother, Papianilla, connected with the Aviti. An important Gallo-Roman noble, son of a Prefect of the Gauls, himself three times Prefect, and Patrician. With Avitus, he was instrumental in arranging the co-operation of the Visigoths with the Romans, which resulted in the defeat of Attila at Maurica by Aëtius. He was gifted with diplomatic powers which enabled him to save the town of Arles when besieged by the new Visigothic king Thorismond, at the trifling cost of a dinner (VII. xii), but his qualities as a strong and just |clxxxii administrator led to his selection, after his official career, as the principal accuser of Arvandus (I. vii). His tastes were cultivated; cf. the description which Sidonius gives of his country-house Prusianum (II. ix). Born about 420, he died about 485, and was thus a lifelong contemporary of his friend Sidonius. Cf. Carm. xxiv, 1. 36; Hist. Hit. de la France, iii, p. 540. Sidonius Apollinaris, Letters. Tr. O.M. Dalton (1915) pp. clx-clxxxiii; List of Correspondents Tonantius Ferreolus (I24072)
 
41 *Tonantius. *IX. xiii; IX. xv. Son of Tonantius Ferreolus. Cf. Carm. xxiv. 34. Sidonius Apollinaris, Letters. Tr. O.M. Dalton (1915) pp. clx-clxxxiii; List of Correspondents Tonance Ferreol (I24070)
 
42 ...It was the execution of two Quakers denounced by the council as Loyalists that drove Benedict Arnold into open opposition to the radical Whig purges in Philadelphia and led to the largest antirevolutionary protest during the war. John Roberts was a sixty-year-old miller from Lower Merion who was suspected of Tory leanings and had felt compelled to leave behind his family and flee into Philadelphia when the British took over. There he supported himself by selling provisions to the British and raised a cavalry troop, threatening to lead it on a raid to free the Quakers in captivity in Virginia. He also served as a guide on British foraging raids into the countryside. When the British left, General Howe privately warned Roberts to go with the British to avoid reprisals, but Roberts, who also had helped many American prisoners in British hands, followed Howe's public advice to make peace with the Americans. When the supreme executive council on May 8, 1778, issued a proclamation requiring a long list of accused Loyalists to surrender themselves under pain of being attainted of high treason, Roberts left Philadelphia and surrendered himself, subscribing an affirmation of allegiance to the United States and posting bail to stand trial. He was tried on a charge of "waging cruel war against this Commonwealth." Ten of twelve jurors voted for his acquittal and only agreed to a verdict of guilty if they could petition for a pardon. Their petition asserted that Roberts had acted "under the influence of fear when he took the imprudent step of leaving his family and joining the enemy." Although Chief Justice McKean ruled that Roberts had had thirty-five jury challenges, and had only exercised thirty-three of them, the two he failed to use did him in. Despite Roberts's frequent "acts of humanity, charity and benevolence" that had saved many American lives, despite the spectacle of his wife and ten children appealing on their knees before Congress for mercy and the signatures of more than one thousand civic, military, and religious leaders on a petition for clemency, Roberts and a Loyalist gatekeeper, Abram Carlisle, were ordered hanged, their reprieve denied by Reed, who called them "a crafty and designing set of men" and who demanded in the newspapers "a speedy execution for both animals."... http://www.cooperativeindividualism.org/randall_on_benedict_arnold.html.
His residence on Mill Creek, opposite the road leading to Ardmore, afterwards became the property of the patriot, Blair Mc Clenahan. 
ROBERTS, John (I75997)
 
43 1st Lord of Grosemont Castle, Monmouth in Gwarthstello. Aeddan who was a powerfull Cheiftain of Gwent who flourished in the reigh of Henry II, took the cross from Archbishop Baldwin when in 1187 he preached the Crusade at Llandaff. Arms added by Aeddan to the ancestral coat - or a Saltire Argent. AP CEDRYCK, Aeddan Lord of Grosmont (I25314)
 
44 A knight - Sir Robert de Thweng
Held half a knight's fee in Thwing in 1164 probably of William de Percy. Gave the Church of St. Thomas in Legsby to the Gilbertian priory of Sixhills, co. Lincoln. In the chronicles call Robert FitzRobert
The family of Thwenge, anciently amongst the most distinguished in the county of York, were lords of Kilton Castle in that shire and attained the rank of nobility in the 35th of Edward I 1307, when Marmaduke de Thwenge, a celebrated soldier in the Scottish wars, was summoned to parliament as a baron.
In the 22nd Henry III 1238, Sir Robert de Thwenge was deputed by the other barons to repair to Rome and to lay at the foot of the pontiff a complaint from the nobles of England regarding an encroachment upon their ecclesiastical immunities by the holy see. He was s. by his son, Marmaduke de Thweng.
Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 532, Thweng, Barons Thweng 
THWENG, Sir Robert (I25915)
 
45 A native of Syria, became, by her first husband, whose name is unknown, the mother of Flavia Maximiana Theodora, who was married to Constantius Chlorus upon the recon­struction of the empire under Diocletian. Eutropia was at that time the wife of Maximianus Hercu-lius, to whom she bore Maxentius and Fausta, afterwards united to Constantine the Great. Upon the conversion of her son-in-law., Eutropia also em­braced Christianity, and repaired to Palestine. In. consequence of her representations, the emperor took measures for abolishing the superstitious ob­servances which had for ages prevailed at the oak of Mamre, so celebrated as the abode of Abraham, and caused a church to be erected on the spot.
A medal published on the authority of Goltzius alone, with the legend gal. val. eutrop., is considered as unquestionably spurious. (Aurel. Vict. Epit. xl.; Euse.b. H. ti. iii. 52; Tillemont* Histoire des Empereurs, vol. iv. pp. 130, 244; Eckhel, vol. viii. p. 27.) Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology II:125-126 
Eutropia (I23819)
 
46 A portion of the information concerning Surety Baron ROBERT de VERE is as follows:
The principal residence of the de VERES was Castle Headingham. The keep still stands sentry gmacrd over the River Colne in the North of Essex, probably erected by Aubrey de Vere, who died in 1194. The Headingham keep ranks with that of Rochester as the finest of the square keeps in England.
Oxford Castle was the seat of the Earls de Vere. It now consists of little more than a Norman tower which stands inside the walls of a county jail. It was here that King Stephen laid siege to Matilda in 1141. She escaped by a rope ladder fashioned from bed sheets during the night and, fleeing, found refuge at Wallingford.
Oxford Castle is thought to be the oldest in all England. The Norman structure was built in 1071 by Robert d'Oilly. From what is left of it we can conclude that it was originally a pre-Norman motte and bailey fort. After the 1071 rebuilding, alterations were made by Henry II, between 1165 and 1173. He added the houses inside the shell keep, and also the well. He presumably built the diagonal keep on the motte, the foundations of which were discovered in the 18th Century.
ROBERT de VERE, the Surety, born after 1164, became heir to his brother, Aubrey de Vere, who died without issue before September of 1214, and who was reputed to be one of the "evil councillors" of King John. Although he was hereditary lord great Chamberlain of the kingdom, Robert pursued a different course in politics from that of his brother, and became one of the principal Barons in arms against King John, a party to that covenant which resigned the custody of the City and Tower of London to the Barons, and one of those excommunicated by the Pope. In the beginning of the reign of King Henry III, after he had made his peace with that young monarch following the Battle of Lincoln, Robert was received into his favor, and was appointed one of the judges in the Court of King's Bench, but he died only a few months afterward, 25~ October 1221, and was buried in the Priory of Hatfield, Broad Oak, in Essex. His wife was Isabel, who died 3 February 124S, daughter of Hugh, second Baron de Bolebec in Northumberland. National Society Magna Charta Dames and Barons; www.magnacharta.org
Robert de Vere 3rd son, eldest was Aubrey, 2nd Earl of Oxford, dspl by Oct 1214, 2nd son was Ralph, dvf, 3rd Earl of Oxford; hereditary Master Chamberlain of England, one of the magnates appointed to enforce King John's observance of Magna Charta; Justice Itinerant 1220 and Justice in King's Court of Westminster 1221; married Isabel (died 3 Feb 1245), sister of Walter de Bolebec and aunt of his Robert de Vere's elder brother's Aubrey, 2nd Earl of Oxford's 1st wife, and died by 25 Oct 1221.
Burke's Peerage
The 3rd de Vere Earl was one of the barons opposed to King John at Runymede in 1215 at the time of the granting of Magna Carta. His position on that occasion is a good example of the different meaning the term baron had at that time (ie. magnate or tenant in chief of the Crown) from what it does today, viz. holder of a specific degree of lordship of Parliament. De Vere's title of Earl was a real one but it was not a lordship of Parliament, for Parliament did not yet exist. Nor did de Vere have a subsidiary barony or viscountcy title in the way that earls now tend to.
Burke's Peerage, Earldom of Oxford, p. 2178
ROBERT (DE VERE), EARL OF OXFORD, Hereditary Master Chamberlain of England, brother and heir, being 3rd but eldest surviving son of the 1st Earl, by 3rd wife, born probably after 1164. He attested 4 of his father's charters and 3 other charters for Colne Priory. He appears to have had land at Bumpstead Helion, Essex, and in or shortly after 1208 he acquired one moiety of the BoIebec barony by marrying the aunt of his eldest brother's late wife. In 1214 he attested the King's letter promising freedom of election to sees and abbeys. After Aubrey's death he had seisin of his lands and the castles of Hedingham and Canfield in October 1214. Next year he was one of the Barons who met at Stamford and who forced John to grant Magna Carta at Runnymede, and was one of the 25 elected as its guardians. On 23 June 1215 the King issued a writ from Runnymede to the sheriff of Oxfordshire directing him to let Robert have the 3rd penny in accordance with his charter. With the other baronial leaders he was excommunicated by the Pope, and he joined them in inviting Louis of France to England. He was in arms against the King; but in March 1216, after John had taken Hedingham Castle, Robert went to him there and swore that in future he would serve him loyally. However, later in the year, Oxford went over to Louis and was among the Barons who did homage to him at Rochester. In 1217 Louis took Hedingham Castle and restored it to Robert, but in October 1217 Robert returned to his allegiance. On 18 February 1218/9 the sheriff of Oxfordshire was ordered to let him have as Earl of Oxford what his ancestors had had. He was a justice itinerant in 1220 and a justice in the King's Court at Westminster in 1221. The Earl was a benefactor to Oseney Abbey and Tilty Abbey. He married Isabel, daughter of Hugh and sister of Walter DE BOLEBEC, coheir to her niece Isabel, Countess of Oxford, and widow of Henry DE NONANT. He died before 25 October 1221, and was buried at Hatfield Priory. His wife survived him and died 3 February 1245, being buried in the church of the preaching friars at Oxford, which she had founded. Complete Peerage X:210-13
Supplement to Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists by Frederick Lewis Weis
M.C. b. prob. before 1164, d. before 25 Oct 1221, Magna Charta Surety, 1215; m. Isabel, d. 3 Feb 1245, dau of Hugh II de Bolbec (son of Walter I). and widow of Henry de Nonant. (CP X 210-216, cf. 213 note b; Philip Morant, Hist of Essex, 1768, II 159, 179-182).
Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford and Lord Chamberlain of England, was born before 1120 pursued a different course than his brother, Aubrey, and was one of the celebrated twenty-five barons appointed as Sureties to enforce the observance of the Magna Charta. In the beginning of the reign of King Henry III., having made his peace, he appears, from a fine levied before him and others, to have been one of the judges in the Court of King's Bench. He was also one of the party to the covenant which resigned to the barons the custody of the city and tower of London, and one of those excommunicated by the Pope. He married Isabel Bolebec, daughter of Hugh de Bolebec, and sister and heir of Walter de Bolebec. Buried in the Priory of Hatfield, Essex, England. 
Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford (I7282)
 
47 A Roman fort originally occupied the site of the current Brougham Castle. First noted in 1228, it is thought that Brougham Castle was initially built by Robert de Vipont, with later additions from the various lords of the castle.
Brougham had the reputation as the most formidable fortress in the Eden Valley, making it an awkward barrier to any Scottish army that might take or bypass Carlisle.
However, Brougham's usefulness diminished after medieval times, with long periods of neglect when the owners lived elsewhere; the third earl, spent much of his time at court as Queen Elizabeth I's champion.
Despite its decline Brougham was still stately enough to entertain two kings: James I in 1617, and Charles I in 1629.
The final inhabitant of Brougham was Lady Anne Clifford, who took up residence there in 1649, six years after inheriting the castle. This was due to the civil war raging throughout the country.
During her time in the castle, Lady Anne not only restored much of the castle's structure, but also the way of life associated with living in a castle.
After Lady Anne's death in 1676, the castle passed to the Earls of Thanet, who preferred to stay at Appleby. Then in 1691 Brougham was partially demolished and finally in 1714, any materials that could be used at the castle were sold off. 
Robert de Vipont, Lord of Westmorland (I11016)
 
48 A soldier from London, accompanied Robert FitzHamon to Wales. Annals and Antiquities of Wales pp523-524 William de London (I26681)
 
49 A. Early legendary kings of Denmark.
The kings of Denmark, like the Saxon, Norwegian, and Swedish rulers, all claim descent from Odin. Odin's real name, according to the old stories, was Sigge Fridulfson, but he called himself Odin so that people would worship him.
Odin is said to have come from Asgard, the legendary home of the gods. (Interestingly, the twelth-century Danish historian Saxo identifies Asgard with Byzantium.) Traveling north from Asgard in the first century AD, Odin allegedly founded the Kingdom of the Svear in Uppsala sometime before the Christian era.
King Odin, we are told, had five sons. They reigned over various parts of Scandinavia, and at least two of them ruled in Denmark. (One must remember that Denmark at that time included Skane. Although this region has belonged to Sweden in modern times, it was Danish from legendary through medieval times.) We shall not endeavor to mention all the legendary kings of Denmark, but rather highlight some of the more famous and interesting heroes of the sagas.
The Danish kings, like those of Norway and Sweden, did not always follow a direct line of succession from father to son. But they were required to be of noble blood, and they were elected by a gathering of nobles known as the "Thing". [Royal Families of Medieval Scandinavia, Flanders, and Kiev]
The validity of the lineages down to the first known invaders of England is questionable. All early reigning kings of England and English territories traced their ancestry back to Woden/Odin, claiming by that ancestry the right to rule. Much debate has occurred to whether there was an actually man who declared himself to be a god or descendant of a god and took the name Odin. The following descendants listed here until about the 5th century when contemporary written history gives more athenticity to the individiual, is an attempt to follow the unsubstantiated lineages given in the different maunuscript pedigrees of the kings of England. 
Woden King of Scandinavia (I76423)
 
50 According to an entry under the year 435 in the 'Four Masters' Breasal Bealach grandson of Cathaoir Mor died. The Annals of the Four Masters is known for chronological errors of a few years, however, this one would have been impossible, for Breasal Bealach would have been several hundred years old having lived to that time.
Brynes "Irish Kings and High Kings" echoes this thusly:
The boruma was levied regularly until the time of Cairpre Lifechar son of Cormac mac Airt, when Bressal Belach king of Leinster obtained the aid of the legendary Finn mac Cumaill, leader of the Fianna war-bands. Finn led the Laigin to victory and slew the three sons of Cairpre. [Irish Kings and High Kings p145]
That would make Bressal Belach a contemporary of Cairpre Lifechar who fl c 260. 
MAC FIACHAIDH AICEADHA, Breasal Bealach King of Leinster (I76470)
 

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