All things history and genealogy.

All things history and genealogy.

Category: Tips

Transcription: Baptism records of 1855 taken from the Drouin Collection, 1670-1946.


The following is my transcription of Baptism records of 1855 taken from the Drouin Collection for  Arichat, Île du cap-Breton-N. Écosse (paroisse de l’Assomption).


Those baptised are François Hilarion Forest, Alexandre Albert Hureau, Charles Edouard Fougère, Sara Jeanne Girroir, Philomène Hureau, William Thomas Forgeron, Henriette Elizabeth Landry.



B. 139

François Hilarion Forrest

Le vingt-deux Novembre mil huit cens cinquante cinq, nous prètre soussigné avons baptisé François Hilarion né, le dix-neuf du mème mois, du légitime mariage de Lairé Forrest et de Marcelline Samson de cette paroisse. Le parrain a été Jean Beauséjour et la marrain Françoise Paon.

H. Girroir, Ptre

B. 140

Alexandre Albert Hureau

Le vingt-six Novembre mil huit cens cinquante cinq, nous prètre soussigné avons baptisé Alexandre Albert né la veille, du légitime mariage de Jean Hureau et de Amilie Briand de cette paroisse. Le parrain a été Alfred Briand et la marrain Adelaide Hureau.

H. Girroir, Ptre

B. 142

Sara Jeanne Girroir

Le vingt six Novembre mil huit cens cinquante cinq, nou prètre soussigné avons baptisé Sara Jeanne née avant veille, du légitime mariage de Abraham Girroir et de Susanne Forrest de cette paroisse. Le parrain a été Alex. Forrest et la marraine Sabina Angélique Forrest.

H. Girroir, Ptre

++ voir B. 145.

B. 143

Henriette Elizabeth Landry

Le vingt huit Novemb re mil huit dens cinquante cinq nous prètre soussigné avons baptizé Henriette Elizabeth fille legitime de Abraham Landry et Julie Boudrault. Le parrain a été ???oi Landry, la marrain Mare Leblanc.

H. McDonald, Ptre

Le ?eu?e neuf Novembre mil huit cent cinquante cinq nous prètre soussigné, avons baptizé ubn enfant James né l’avant villle de legitime mariage de Michael ?????? et Mary Doyle.

B. 144

William Thomas Forgeron

Le he?t?? Novembre mil huit cens cinqante cinq nous prètre soussigné, avons baptizé William Thomas né lávant veille, du legitime mariage de Élisée Fourgon et Victoire Landry. Le parrain a été Guillaume Henry la maraine Adelle Leblanc.

H. McDonald Ptre

B. 145

Philomène Hureau

Le vingt six novembre mil huit cens vinquante cinq, nous prètre soussigné avons baptisé Philomène née, le veille, du légitime mariage de Aimé Hureau et de Mathilde Boudrault. Le árrain a été Policarpe Boudrault et la marraine Victoire Hureau.

H. Girroir, Ptre

Transcription of baptism records of 1855 taken from the Drouin Collection.

The following is the translated text (exactly as provided) via Google Translate.



B. 139

François Hilarion Forrest

On the twenty-second of November, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, we, the undersigned, baptized François Hilarion, born on the nineteenth of the same month, of the legitimate marriage of Lair6 Forrest and Marcelline Samson of this parish. The godfather was Jean Beauséjour and the married Françoise Paon.

H. Girroir, Ptre

B. 140

Alexandre Albert Hureau

On the twenty-sixth of November, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, we, the undersigned, baptized Alexandre Albert, born the day before, of the legitimate marriage of Jean Hureau and Amilie Briand of this parish. The godfather was Alfred Briand and marraine Adelaide Hureau.

H. Girroir, Ptre

B. 142

Sara Jeanne Girror

On the twenty sixth of November, one thousand eight hundred and fifty five, we, the undersigned, baptized Sara Jeanne born before the eve of the legitimate marriage of Abraham Girroir and Susanne Forrest of this parish. The godfather was Alex. Forrest and the godmother Sabina Angélique Forrest.

H. Girroir, Ptre

++ see B. 145.

B. 143

Henriette Elizabeth Landry

On the twenty-eighth day of November, one thousand eight in fifty-five, we, the undersigned, baptized Henriette Elizabeth, the legitimate daughter of Abraham Landry and Julie Boudrault. The godfather was ??? oi Landry, the married Mare Leblanc.

H. McDonald, Ptre

The nine eighth November one thousand eight hundred and fifty five we prerequisite undersigned, baptized ubn child James born the villain of legitimate marriage of Michael ?????? And Mary Doyle.

B. 144

William Thomas Forgeron

The he ?? November one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, under the undersigned, baptized William Thomas born before the eve of the legitimate marriage of Elisee Fourgon and Victoire Landry. The godfather was Guillaume Henry Adelle Leblanc.

H. McDonald Ptre

B. 145

Philomène Hureau

On the twenty-sixth of November, eight hundred and fifty cents, we, the undersigned, baptized Philomene, born the day before, of the legitimate marriage of Aime Hureau and Mathilde Boudrault. The árrain was Policarpe Boudrault and the godmother Victoire Hureau.

H. Girroir, Ptre


The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.

Originally posted 2017-05-06 13:19:24. Republished by Blog Post Promoter

Police can request your DNA from sites like Ancestry, 23andMe.


Millions of people have handed their DNA over to genetic testing companies like Ancestry or 23andMe to learn more about their family history.

Eric Yarham wanted to learn about his heritage, so he mailed off his saliva to 23andMe.

“I’m just trying to unravel the mystery that is your genetics,” said Yarham.


Yarham was surprised to find a tiny portion of his DNA profile can be traced back to sub-Saharan Africa. He was also unaware that his genetic information could end up in the hands of police.

“The police make mistakes and I would rather not be on the unfortunate end of one of those mistakes, as a result of my DNA being somewhere that is unlucky,” Yarham said.

Both 23andMe and Ancestry confirm your DNA profile could be disclosed to law enforcement if they have a warrant.

23andMe Privacy Officer Kate Black said, “We try to make information available on the website in various forms, so through Frequently Asked Questions, through information in our privacy center.”

According to the company’s self-reported data, law enforcement has requested information for five American 23andMe customers since it began offering home test kits more than a decade ago.

23andMe’s website states, “In each of these cases, 23andMe successfully resisted the request and protected our customers’ data from release to law enforcement.”

Black said she wouldn’t entirely rule it out in the future. “We would always review a request and take it on a case-by-case basis,” Black said.

Read on . . .


Source: Police can request your DNA from sites like Ancestry, 23andMe

Originally posted 2018-01-12 11:48:03. Republished by Blog Post Promoter

Creating and safeguarding a digital library of genealogy records and images.


The first consideration when starting to research your genealogy is creating and safeguarding a digital library of genealogy records and images.


Creating and safeguarding a digital library of genealogy records.
The importance of creating and safeguarding a digital library of genealogy records.

I have been a computer user from the day of the old single-use word processors. Therefore, I tend to digitize everything into my own digital library of valuables from family photos, tax documents, bills, bank records, correspondence – and of course, genealogy records, genealogy databases and data.

I’m not a novice. I’m well aware of the pitfalls of relying on a digital library, but I’m as guilty as the next person for procrastination and rationalization.

When it comes to doing the tasks necessary to ensure my genealogy records are secure and permanent, I tend to think, “It’s OK, I’ll do it later.”

There are, however, some very serious pitfalls of putting these things off.

Some of the compelling reasons for digitizing records include:

  • Immediacy of sending genealogy records digitally over the internet.
  • Ease of organization, storage, searching and reproduction.
  • Ability to share family genealogy records between yourself and others.
  • Retain genealogy records in condition at the time of scanning to safeguard against the inevitable ravages of time on physical documents, etc.
  • More and more genealogy records are “born-digital”, never having been in physical form at all.

The digital backup we are used to is not sufficient to safeguard and archive records. The process required includes:

  • Storing with background, technical and descriptive information.
  • Storing records in several locations.
  • Archiving for a very lengthy period of time.
  • Saving genealogy data at a very high resolution.
  • Periodically backing up stored genealogy records to new media to prevent loss of data.
  • Converting file formats and media to new ones to avoid obsolescence.
  • Ensuring access to the digital genealogy records collection.

For my own digital archive storage, I am using a 1 terabyte hard drive and save all important genealogy documents and photos to it. If my sum total of research at this point wasn’t as large as it is, I would use the ‘cloud’ as a backup. But there are limits to the quantity of data it will hold.

All of my original genealogy files and data are on my computer.

I also transfer the files periodically to a new backup using the newest technology and format.

I don’t believe in using CDs, DVDs or even flash drives for permanent storage at all as I’ve had too many fail.

photo credit: Sean MacEntee via photopin cc

Originally posted 2017-01-21 11:25:02. Republished by Blog Post Promoter

Forensic Genealogy: Dead men do tell tales.


I tend to use a combination of the more general genealogy research techniques as well as some of those considered to be forensic genealogy.


I didn’t even realize I used these techniques or that there was actually a name for them until I read the following article.


forensic genealogy
In forensic genealogy – dead men do tell tales.

While the Bermuda Triangle is the end of a journey, the Forensic Genealogy Research Triangle represents the beginning of an ancestral research journey.

History, Geography, and DNA create the perfect equilateral triangle of forensic research. If you must supply documentation for a legal case that requires source citations or written reports, you are now entering the world of forensic genealogy.

When I set out to research this article, I was a tad surprised to see forensic genealogy described as a “modern” approach to family research, as though it were invented yesterday. The practice has been around for quite some time. Only recently has it gotten a sexy name and the respect and appreciation it deserves.

I have heard forensic genealogy described as “the study of kinship and identity as it pertains to the law.”

That’s a good definition, but I prefer professional genealogist Megan Smolenyak’s description – “reverse genealogy” – because in many forensic cases, you begin with the deceased and you look for the living, compared to conventional genealogy, which usually starts with the living and looks for the deceased. (Ms. Smolenyak is the author of Trace Your Roots with DNA.)

A lot of forensic research is figured out by available documentation with science and technology mixed in. The three most important sources of this area of study are:

  1. Photo analysis
  2. Database mining
  3. DNA analysis


Research Formula


Forensic techniques + conventional research = forensic genealogy


In other words, forensic genealogy takes the facts discovered by conventional genealogy and weaves them together to give you an entire picture. It is a relatively modern approach to family research for the legal profession and law enforcement. I’ve heard it referred to as “CSI Meets Roots.”

One of the most common uses for forensic genealogy is to locate missing heirs to estates. This is not a new practice. In fact, Laurie Thompson, a highly respected former Regent of a New York City Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) chapter, provided genealogy research to the FBI and other law enforcement agencies, in addition to finding next of kin, for more than 40 years. She didn’t have the luxury of online databases; she did it the hardcopy way. The answer to a case may be found in a city directory or in hospital or cemetery records. So “high-tech” is not necessary in forensic genealogy, but it sure does help. Where the high-technology comes in handy is with the DNA testing; but in the end, the science must be supported by the analyses of photos and documents.

A short list of areas that are served by forensic genealogy includes:

  • Probate and estate cases
  • Guardianship cases (next of kin)
  • Civil pension, Social Security, or veteran benefits
  • Land issues


Experts in the Field


Colleen Fitzpatrick


Fitpatrick is described as a “real-life CSI detective who has helped crack the most compelling mysteries of our time.” Currently, she is a consulting genealogist for the Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory (AFDIL).

Boasting a PhD in nuclear physics, as well as an MS in physics from Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, Colleen Fitzpatrick founded her own high-tech optics company (Rice Systems) in her garage. She subsequently contracted with NASA, the US Department of Defense, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the National Science Foundation, as well as other civil and government agencies.

Fitzpatrick is the author of several best-selling books on genealogy, including Forensic Genealogy, which is considered “The Reference” for the entire profession. Dick Eastman, renowned genealogist and host of his own website Eastman’s Online Genealogy Newsletter, highly recommends her book. Other books by Fitzpatrick include DNA and Genealogy (2005) and Dead Horse Investigation: Forensic Photo Analysis for Everyone, among others.


Dee Dee King


An expert in the field of forensic genealogy, Dee Dee King serves on the board of the Council for the Advancement of Forensic Genealogy (CAFG); a professional business league. The Council’s website offers valuable research resources, including links to probate codes, bar associations, state rules of evidence, genealogist/attorney relationships, and more. The Council also offers classes, and those who pass the course receive a Forensic Genealogy Institute Certificate of Completion.

Forensic genealogy in short is research, analysis, and reporting in cases with legal implications. It’s mining for research gold, using creative resources outside the realm of conventional genealogy research. It is applying scientific processes to traditional research to arrive at an answer. It is the dead speaking from the grave… “where are you?” Do you hear dead people speaking? If you do, forensic genealogy may be for you.



Originally posted 2016-12-04 07:02:07. Republished by Blog Post Promoter

The benefits of storing your DNA for future use.

Assisting with legal issues, future comparison for accuracy, investigation of family histories, and verification of paternity and maternity are only a few of the benefits of storing your DNA for future use.
storing your DNA for future use.
The benefits of storing your DNA for future use.

As of June 2013, it has been legal for law enforcement officers to obtain DNA samples from people who have been arrested but not convicted of a serious crime. The purpose of this collection process is to enable the police to easily scan DNA evidence that has been collected from other crime scenes with the intention of helping them solve more cases. Although this was a controversial Supreme Court decision, it has also opened the door for individuals to consider protecting their rights by storing their own DNA samples. After all, evidence is not always as tamper-proof as it should be, and it could be extremely beneficial to have a professionally collected and stored sample for comparison’s sake.

What are the perks of storing DNA samples?

There are many reasons that an individual could decide to store their DNA. For example, it can provide an easily testable record of their family line for future genealogy enthusiasts, and it can also speed up the process of determining paternity. From a legal standpoint, being able to conclusively verify whether or not someone is the parent of a child can be imperative in certain cases. It is also important to consider the implications of DNA on criminal cases. The Justice Project has helped people become exonerated years after a conviction by comparing DNA samples, and now everyone has the opportunity to make sure that a reliable sample of their DNA will be available if they find themselves accused of a crime they did not commit.

How will stored DNA impact a legal case?

It is necessary for a DNA sample to be properly processed and stored in order for it to provide reliable results during a legal case. Any tampering or improper storage of DNA could cause the results to be skewed. Additionally, it is important to note that prosecutors do not always use DNA as evidence. In these cases, having properly stored DNA could very easily help lead to an acquittal, especially if any DNA that was found on the scene does not match the samples that are provided by the accused. Even if someone does get convicted, their stored sample could end up getting them exonerated in the future if new DNA evidence is found.

What happens if the DNA samples do not match?

If a prosecutor claims that an individual’s DNA links them to a crime but their sample does not match the one that the accused has in storage, it will typically become necessary for law enforcement officers to obtain a second sample. Going through this process can help erase any doubts about improper storage and processing, and it can make the difference between an acquittal and a conviction. With this in mind, it makes perfect sense for everyone to protect themselves by storing a sample of their DNA with a professional collection company.

Article Source

photo credit: Spanish Flea via photopin cc

Here’s how to find unindexed records on .

unindexed recordsNews Flash! Unindexed records are available on and they can be searched if you know how.

I certainly didn’t realize that indexing does not include all records until I read a post by Crista Cowan on the <a rel=”nofollow” href=” +blog%29&utm_content=Netvibes” target=”_blank”> blog.

For this reason, it can pay to view an entire record set for additional information. She includes a video tutorial for browsing full collections on Ancestry. This is a great way to find elusive information that could help get through those brick walls.

photo credit: deflam via photopin cc

Chris Hadfield and Benedict Cumberbatch are cousins?

To coincide with the return of Commander Chris Hadfield from the international space station, has announced that he is 6th cousin to british actor Benedict Cumberbatch who is starring as the villain in Star Trek Into Darkness.

Chris Hadfield’s role being based in reality, Benedict Cumberbatch’s based in fantasy, they both explore the frontier of space.

I loved Benedict Cumberbatch as Sherlock Holmes in the recent series and as much as I’m indifferent to all space epics, I might just watch Star Trek Into Darkness, solely because he’s in it.

It’s a small world, uh-h-h, universe?

Access to FBI files is possible with

InvestigationEver wondered how you can get information about a family member who my have been investigated in the past? A new website for accessing federal investigation files called can now help – at least with federal investigations.

No matter what the reason for the investigation is, major crime, murder, smuggling, you can search.

There is bad news however. These files will only be available for a finite period of time as only a small portion of these files will be preserved at the National Archives. The rest will be destroyed in the interest of saving space.

Files on living people will be provided with written permission.

I visited the site and placed a request for the file of an ancestor of ours, William Read Kirk, who was last known to be an inmate in the Ohio State Penitentiary at the time of the 1930 fire. Once I got into the site, I was asked to complete the form with contact information and mailing address and stipulate a maximum I will pay in fees if the quantity of pages exceeds the initial 100 free pages. After clicking next, I was taken to a new screen to view the letter completed using the information I had input. Finally, the letter was forwarded on my behalf to the FBI. They state it can take anywhere from one week to ten days to get a response.

In addition to, another site called already exists to assist with getting one’s own FBI information, as well as records from the US Secret Service, US Marshals Service, Defense Security and Army Criminal Investigation Command.

How to Apply for a Métis Status Card

Symbols of MetisTo apply for a Métis Status Card (aka Aboriginal Status card, Indian Status card), first you need to get the required information to prove your native ancestors. If you’re wondering about who qualifies for Métis Status, generally anyone with Native ancestors is biologically Métis. Which card you have depends on who your ancestors were.

Usually this means you need to start with yourself, and work backward through your family tree. You cannot randomly pick out a native american you were told “you might be related to” and try to match your tree with that person. This is why it can take some time to get your tree together and time to find a native ancestral line.

Start by making a family tree chart. Every person on the chart has 2 parents, so they become like branches in the tree (you can find blank tree charts online). Write your name and birthdate as the first person, then add your parents as branches in the next column, then their parents in the next column, etc., with each generation in a separate column. Add the birthdates and marriage dates for each generation. Eventually you will need to search archival records or church records for previous generations, but always work backward in time, verifying ancestors as you go.

If and when you do find your native ancestors, you will need to get copies of all records linking each generation back along that line, because most organizations do not do this for you without charging a fee, as it is so time-consuming. Métis organizations are not funded by government to find your native ancestors and prove that line. It is up to you to prove to them who you are. Some organizations will not verify your line at all, and will simply refuse membership.

For yourself, you need a birth or baptism record that states who your parents were. Then for every person along that line, you will need a record that states who their parents were. Usually this is referred to as a “long form” record, because it provides proof of parents’ names. Because some families have multiple persons with the same name, the only way to know for sure whether each person is completely documented is to have both the birth and marriage records that state parents’ names. You will need records like this for each generation going back to your native ancestor. Names and dates obtained from regular internet sites or family trees are not considered proof. You need to get copies of the government or church records, or other legal documents, either online or from that agency.

Once you have copies of all the actual records to prove your native line (without any unproven gaps in the line), you need to find out which Métis organization best fits your ancestry, and will represent you as a member of their Métis community.

Métis organizations have different requirements, objectives, and offer different kinds of representation. They are not usually affiliated with each other and do not share the same membership information. They also offer varying services for the application fee. Some only give aboriginal status cards, others offer programs and services. If you are interested in having help with your tree and also knowing the results of whatever is found, you should ask the organization about this service, what it will cost, and what you will get for your money, as some provide your tree information and others don’t.

Before applying, you might want to speak to their representatives or employees personally, to help determine the likelihood of being accepted into their community, and whether you feel their community best represents you and your ancestry. Some organizations may deny you status if you don’t have a specific type of proof, so you don’t want to find out that you have paid an application fee only to be turned down, then have to pay another organization to apply to their registry. Conversely, other organizations may seem to require very little proof.

Either way, a solid Métis community registry should contain documented proof of every generation, from your baptism or birth record to your native ancestor, without gaps. If you only have your standard issued birth certificate that does not state your parents’ names, then you need to either get your baptism record from your church or your “long form” birth certificate, which is available from the government, and send in copies to the organization. You will also need this same kind of document for each generation. This is the only way a registry can prove that all of its members are actually descended from Native Americans. The amount of funding an organization gets will depend on the number of registrants who have complete documentation, and whether your organization is prepared to negotiate funding on your behalf.

Once you have decided which group to apply to and have got your paperwork in order, you are ready to apply for your Métis Card.

Go to the organization’s website, and download the Métis Status Card Application Form. Fill out one application per person. Add your documented proof either by supplying copies (never send actual records), or scan them as computer files.

Include the required photo, and sign the application. Either mail the package or send it by email with payment for processing (never send cash in the mail).

Check periodically to see if your application will likely be processed soon. Some organizations take over a year to process so you shouldn’t wait until the last minute. Once you have your status, you can let others in the family and community know how to apply for Métis Status Cards too!

Article Source:

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Why would a typist and transcriptionist want to spend her leisure years typing and transcribing?

The answer?

I’m a genealogy fanatic and typing and transcription are a very large portion of the workload necessary to conduct research, handle sources and documents, and transcribe images of documents into editable text to make it searchable. Although I made the majority of my living as a business owner and Administrative Assistant using these necessary skills, I find I’m using them just as much if not more in my quest for my family’s history and heritage.

I’ve looked into dictation transcription services in case I find a need for them and can afford them one day to ease my workload when (knock on wood) my blogs really take off. The majority of the sites I looked at offered basic transcription services without specialization, but I couldn’t believe the wide range of services offered by Daily Transcription Services.

Their areas of expertise include:

  • Academic: Thesis, lectures, speeches, student services, focus groups and interviews.
  • Corporate: Business meetings, data entry, conference calls, dictation, market research, video conferencing and voice to text.
  • Closed Captioning: Multimedia captions, foreign captions and pop up and  roll up captions.
  • Legal Services: Forensic transcription, depositions, court reporting, etc.
  • Post Production: Full range of post production services including clean and actual verbatum, and transcription from both good and difficult audio sources.
  • Transcription Services: Audio and video transcription, podcasts, dictation, voice to text and webcaption transcription services.
  • Language Services: Dubbing, translation, caption, and lip sync services in numerous languages.
  • Writing Services: Writers experience in television, film, journalism and film offer screenplay and script services and formatting, as well as ghost writing.

I have never seen a company offer such  a broad range of services at a variety of skill levels before. Perhaps, if I ever tire of genealogy and decide to make extra money for our retirement, I could apply to this company?

I don’t know if I ever could or would give up my genealogy as there’s always a new mystery to be solved and new questions to be answered.

photo credit: alanclarkdesign via photopin cc

Sometimes it pays to look to the present for information about the past.

It’s amazing what information about the past including people and events can be found by searching through online newspapers, magazines, etc. – even if they are in a foreign language.

I’m routinely having to read, translate and understand documents written in their original language such as French, German, Swedish, and so on. My go to method for getting started is accessing ‘Google Translate’. To have a web page translated, just type the complete original language url in the Google search box, press ‘search’, find what you’re looking for in the search results list and click on ‘Translate this page’.

El Economista TranslatedOne such site I’ve recently accessed was ‘El Economista’ a Mexican, Spanish language online newspaper. On this particular day, the headlines were dominated by news of Javier Duarte de Ochoa and his handling of the crisis created by the recent tropical storm. Javier Duarte is the Governor of Veracruz, Mexico.

Above is a clip from the Google translated site mentioned and as you can see the text in the first paragraph is quite understandable, although not quite grammatically correct. I would always suggest finding independent confirmation elsewhere to confirm your understanding, if possible.

I routinely search through newspapers in the areas in which I’m researching and I have stumbled upon some real ‘gems’ related to my research, including a rooming house arson fire a recent ancestor escaped from, another ancestor whose name was published as a deserter in WWI, and most recently news of a tragic train crash in a community from which my own father’s French Canadian family originates. It was particularly heartbreaking to read the names of the deceased in the online French language news sites, and to recognize many of them as distant relatives.

Using Google translate  is also a useful tool if transcribing documents from their original language. Go to the main Google translate page, type the text in question in the left box, making sure it’s labeled with the correct language and click ‘Translate’. The English translation will appear to the right if English is the selected language. Text can be translated to and from numerous languages.

photo credit: Augie Schwer via photopin cc

New Link: Online Newspapers Archive

Learning of this online newspapers archive site was very exciting to me. Some of the most valuable information we can find in our genealogical search comes from newspaper accounts because they provide a more detailed reflection of the lives of our ancestors – not just facts and figures. I have added this link to the main ‘Genealogy Links’ page in the top menu.


Online newspapers archive.
Online newspapers archive.

The Online Newspapers Archive site endeavours to centralize the thousands of historical newspapers from various sources in one location.

The first newspapers I looked for were those in the Acadian territories of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick before, during and after the expulsion. My family names do show in the papers available after 1850, but it will take some time to sift through them.

The newspapers for Pennsylvania, New York, Illinois and Kentucky also look promising as a great deal of our family history took place in these states.

One great disappointment, though is that there is nothing yet for the United Kingdom.

Although there are great gaps in the newspapers available for some geographical regions, what is available could provide that ‘gem’ one or more of us have been seeking.

I definitely intend to investigate this site further.

Vikings were in Greenland, Ireland and Britain much earlier than previously thought.


We now know Vikings were in Greenland, Ireland and Britain much earlier than previously thought.


Archaeological finds in Greenland show that vikings managed to survive Greenland’s bitter, harsh weather for substantially longer than previously believed.

According to Christian Koch Madsen, an archaeologist with the National Museum of Denmark, “The stories we have heard so far about the climate getting worse and the Norsemen disappearing simply don’t hold water.”

He claims there were only 2,500 individuals living in Greenland throughout the middle of the thirteenth century, contradicting earlier estimates of the population at 6,000.

As the harsh climate changes began to set in, the outlying farms were slowly abandoned, indicating strategies to deal with climate deterioration were implemented.

Over time, the land became even more barren, resulting in a further shrinking population, formation of larger settlements and a centralized economy.

Viking swords
Viking swords

In an earlier shocking discovery,  the remains of four young men were excavated a decade ago by Irish archaeologists working under Dublin’s South Great George’s Street. Also buried with the remains were shields, daggers, and ornaments, providing more evidence of a Viking population in Ireland.

Previous discoveries had been dated to the ninth to tenth centuries, and the South Great George’s Street graves were believed to be four more examples.

These beliefs were disproved when the excavation leader sent the Viking remains for carbon dating, learning that the remains had been buried for years to decades prior to the previously accepted date.

As a result of these findings, it is believed that the Vikings did not take up residence in Great Britain after a violent invasion, but rather, settled more slowly in random, small settlements.

It appears that the Vikings were present and already trading before any known raids occurred.



The Vikings in Ireland;

Vikings Survived Greenland’s Harsh Weather for Centuries;

Photo credits:

“Viking swords” by Own work – Picture taken by viciarg ᚨ at the Vikingermuseum in Haithabu, Germany. Licensed under CC BY 2.5 via Wikimedia Commons –

“Box and scales” by Berig – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons –

My ‘must have’ list of top 10 genealogy websites.


This list of top 10 genealogy websites is a bit different than others because I have evaluated them based on the sheer quantity of data and sources I have found for my own personal genealogy research, regardless whether they are paid or free.


I will only subscribe to a site if I’m sure it’s worth it as I can usually find most other information on free sites with some effort.

It just so happens though, that my favorite site to conduct research is a paid site, while all the rest except one are free. ($)


Although this site requires a paid subscription, it is the one and only site I do pay for as I find I truly do get my money’s worth.

No matter what location, type of record, or time period, I can usually find something of value on this site.

The search feature is rather confusing and cumbersome. Just keep in mind it’s better to be as specific as possible and use the filters appropriately and you will get fairly accurate results.


Family Search


Over the past few years, Family Search has been quickly catching up to Ancestry because of the sheer quantity of transcriptions, images, and collections they continue to make available online.

They have a very accurate and intuitive search.


Library and Archives Canada


I am Canadian, with roots in both French Canada (Quebec) and Acadia (Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia).

Anytime I am researching a Canadian line, this is the first site I go to – even before Ancestry and Family Search.


Nova Scotia Archives


My Acadian ancestors form a rather specialized area of research, and the Nova Scotia Archives genealogy research site is the first place I go.

Original records are available for a per unit price, but I’m quite happy just printing the transcribed records for the most part.


Internet Archive


My husband’s Welsh Quaker, British, royal and new world ancestors are the largest part of my research and this is the one site I go to when I’m unable to find original records or even transcriptions of records elsewhere.

I’ve found numerous genealogy studies, articles, and books; history books, etc. that have provided detailed information.

It is important to remember, however, that errors were not uncommon in these publications, and I do continue to try to find more concrete sources.


Foundation for Medieval Genealogy


I am fascinated by my husband’s medieval and royal ancestry and this site is a well-researched site.

Any suspect information is clearly identified and there is a clear explanation of why.

Original medieval sources are cited in detail, supporting all facts and conclusions.


Ancient Wales Studies


Publication of reliable and detailed scholarly examination of ancient welsh sources to find the most accurate genealogies possible.

Welsh genealogy is one of the most problematic to study because of the constant and prolific repetition of names throughout families and branches of families.


National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)


About 1750, my husband’s Welsh and British ancestors started arriving in the new world and the branches that took root there flourished to impact all areas of American life.

Next to Ancestry, I find this site valuable for actual military files and numerous other archived documents. All requests, however, must be done by snail mail, in which case I try to avoid this site a lot.

I’m definitely an instant gratification kind of person.

Hopefully one day they’ll set up online access, even if it is paid. I’d certainly subscribe to this one.


UK Archives ($)


I have found some of the more interesting documents on this site, including numerous scans of original wills from the 16th to the 19th century.

There is something about the old English script that I find very beautiful and it’s a suitable challenge for my puzzle oriented mind to transcribe them.

There is a per unit price to download documents, but the price is very reasonable and I have no problem paying it, considering the high quality of the document scans.


World GenWeb


No one individual GenWeb site in this network is used all that much in my research, but if you consider all research found on any of the GenWeb sites, it definitely warrants a top ten position.

I have listed the main World GenWeb site, which links through to the full network of other sites from other locations. By using the links, it is possible to drill down from the global and country levels to county and indeed township sites in some cases.


Transcription: Obituary for Major General George Burges Cadwalader

Transcription of an obituary for Major General George Burges Cadwalader.


Obituary; General George Cadwalader— General George Cadwalader died in Philadelphia, on Monday afternoon, in the seventy-third year of his age, from an attack resembling apoplexy, with which he was seized on Sunday night. He was a brother of Judge Cadwalader, who died on Sunday week, and was the last of the five sons of General Thomas Cadwalader. The deceased was born in Philadelphia, in 1806, engaged in mercantile business, and filled the position of President of the Mutual Insurance Company for a third of a century. He served gallantly in the Mexican War as well as in the Slaveholders’ Rebellion, and distinguished himself in both position. His record is one of the best which he can safely leave behind as a grand inheritance to his family and friends.


Source Image: Bucks County Gazette article, , Bristol, Pennsylvania , 6 Feb 1879, Col. 3



The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.


Transcription – Death Certificate for Mary Hickman of Montgomery, Ohio

Transcription – Death  Certificate for Mary Hickman of Montgomery, Ohio.


Death Certificate of Mary A. Hickman
Death Certificate of Mary A. Hickman


County   Montgomery     Registration District  No.  902     File No. _________________
Township  Clay     Primary Registration District  No. 5370     Registered No.  33055
or Village  _________________________     No.  ____, ________________St., ______ Ward
(If death in a hospital or institution, give its NAME instead of street and number)
or City of  __________________________
2  FULL NAME  Mary Hickman
(a)  Residence.     No.  ______________________St., ______ Ward. _________________
(Usual place of abode.)                              (If nonresident give city or town and State)
How long in U.S. if of foreign birth?            yrs.            mos.            ds.


3  SEX      |      4  COLOR OR RACE      | 5  Single, Married, Widowed or Divorced (write the word)
Female |          White                            |     Widowed
5a   If married, widowed or divorced, HUSBAND of (or) WIFE of  John Hickman
6  DATE  OF BIRTH  (month, day, and year)  Dec-30-1839
7  AGE            Years  83    | Months  X    | Days    X    | If LESS than 1 day ___ hrs. or ___ min.
(a) Trade, profession, or particular kind of work  Housewife        (Handwritten notation: 74a)
(b) General nature of Industry, business, or establishment in which employed (or employer)  X
(c) Name of Employer  X
9  BIRTHPLACE (city or town)  Stringtown, Ohiio
(State or country)  Montgomery Co
|  10  NAME OF  FATHER  ­ Isaac Burkett
|  11  BIRTHPLACE OF FATHER (city or town)              (State or country)  North Carolina  
|  12  MAIDEN NAME OF MOTHER  Katharina Burkett
|  13  BIRTHPLACE OF MOTHER (city or town)              (State or country)  Not Known
14  Informant    Joseph Stick
(Address)     RR #2 Brookville O
15  Filed   Dec. 31, 1922        Jos E Smith   REGISTRAR


16  DATE OF DEATH  (month, day and year)  12-30-1922
17                     I HEREBY CERTIFY, That I attended deceased from July, 1922, to Dec. 30, 1922, that I last saw her alive on Dec. 30, 1922, and that death occurred, on the date, stated above, at 2 P.m.
The CAUSE OF DEATH* was as follows:
Cerebral hemorrhage (second attack. 1st in July, 1922)
_______________    _______________ (duration)  ____ yrs.  ­­­­____ mos.  ____ ds.
CONTRIBUTORY (Secondary) ____________________________________________________________
_______________    _______________ (duration)  ____ yrs.  ­­­­____ mos.  ____ ds.
18  Where was disease contracted if not at place of death? _______________    ______________
Did an operation precede death? _______________    ___________  Date of
Was there an autopsy? _______________    ______________
What test confirmed diagnosis? _______________    ______________
(Signed) __________________J. H. Pumphrey_________________, M. D.
___12-31-,1922__  (Address)      Clayton, O.

*State the DISEASE CAUSING DEATH, or in deaths from VIOLENT CAUSES, state (1) MEANS AND NATURE OF INJURY, and (2) whether ACCIDENTAL, SUICIDAL OR HOMICIDAL.   (See reverse side for additional space.)
Shilo Cemetery                        |         Shipped to Granville, Ill. Dec 31st 1922
20  UNDERTAKER, License No.                |    ADDRESS
S. A. Dunkel                                              |    Brookville, Ohio

(Form text in left margin):
(Torn or cut off)… of information should be carefully supplied. AGE should be stated EXACTLY. PHYSICIANS should state CAUSE OF DEATH in plain terms, so that it may be properly classified. Exact statement of OCCUPATION is very important. See instructions on back of certificate.


The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.

Transcription: Prominent Families of the United States of America, page 402-4; BURKET

Transcription:  Prominent Families of the United States of America, page 402-4; BURKET


Burket Family Lineage
Burket Family Lineage

Jacob F. Burket, b. in Perry Co., Ohio, 25 March 1837 ; m., at Lenawee Co., Michigan, Pamy D., dau. of John Walters, of Findlay, Ohio, and, by her (who d. 6 June 1900), had issue :–

1.  Harlan Fessenden, b.  15 May 1860 ;  m., 16 Jan. 1895, Augusta, dau. of Cyrus Dukes, and has  issue :–

  1.     Jacob F., b. 28 Jan. 1897.

2.  Charles Osterlin, b.  23 June 1862 ; m., (I), 31 Dec. 1884, Florence, dau. of Captain Hiram Henderson, who d. 4 May 1908, and had issue :–

1.  Winifred.

   m. (2) Sarah, dau. of Robert Fleming, and has issue :–

1.  Reginald William, b. 4 May 1905.
2.  Thomas George, b. 4 May 1907.
2.  Janet, b.  25 Aug. 1903 ; d. young.

3.  William Jacob, b. 22 July 1869 ; m., 15 Jun 1897, Forence, dau. of William Carr ; d. 27 July 1902.

4.  John F., b. 15 June 1875 ; m., 21 Sept. 1905, Bess Louise, dau. of Dr. George Lester Hoege, and has issue :–

Harriet Walding, b. 14 June 1908.

5.  Reginald, b. 8 June 1878 ; m., 31 Oct. 1904, Mary Louise, dau.  of Robert Burne Motherwell, and has issue :–

Robert Burns, b. 14 Sept. 1905.

1.  Lillie B., b. 5 Feb. 1867 ; m., 30 May 1889, Louis White Eoff, and has issue :–

William Burket, b. 6 July 1890.

The Hon. J. F. Burket graduated at Seneca Co. Academy, Ohio, 1859, was admitted to the Bar, 1861 ; and was Judge of Supreme Court of Ohio, 1893-1904.


Christoph Burckhardt, of Basel, Switzerland, m. Barbara Gottenschier, and had issue :–

Christoph Burckhardt (1490-1578), of Basel, Switzerland, b. 1490 ; m., 29 July 1539, Gertrude, dau. of Theodor Brand, and, dying 6 Oct. 1578, left, by her (who d. 3 Jan. 1600), issue :–

Theodor Burckhardt (1549-1623), of Basel, Switzerland, b. 5 Sept. 1549 ; Councillor and Judge ; m., 18 June 1582, Maria, dau. of Jacob Oberreid, and, dying 18 Feb. 1623, left,by her (who d. 30 Nov. 1629), issue :–

Chrisoph Burckhardt (1586-1639), of Basel, Switzerland, b. 14 Aug. 1586 ; Councillor and Judge ; m. Margaretta, dau. of Michael Kimmell, and, dying 4 April 1639, left, by her (who d. 22 July 1675), issue :–

Christoph Burckhardt (1631-1705), of Basel, Switzerland, b. 13 June 1631 ; Councillor, Judge, and Ambassador ; m., 5 June 1654, Judith, dau. of Bonifaz Burckhardt, and, dying 24 July 1705, left, by her (who d. 6 Jan. 1679), issue :–

Christoph Burckhardt (1657-1693), of Basel, Switzerland, b. 27 Aug. 1657 ; Councillor and Administrator ; m., 30 Nov. 1682, Marie Magdalena, dau. of Emanuel Stupanus, and, dying 8 Jan. 1693, left, by her (who d. 14 April 1731), issue :–

Emanuel Burckhardt (1684-1740), of Basel, Switzerland, b. 28 Dec. 1684 ; J.U.C. Judge ; Administrator of the Hospital ; m., 1 March 1717, Susanna, dau. of Leonard Felber, and dying 18 March 1740, left, by her (who d. 26 March 1749), issue :–

Emanuel Burckhardt (1720-1787), of Basel, Switzerland, b. 19 April 1720 ; J.U.L. Judge ; Lieutenant in the French Army ; m., 16 May 1740, Anna Maria, dau. of Emanuel Linder, and, dying 19 Jan. 1787, left,by her (who d. 26 Aug. 1765), issue :–

John Burckhardt (1753-1847), of Reading, Pennsylvania, b. at Basel, Switzerland, 20 Aug. 1753 ; in General Washington’s Lifeguards ; m. Catherine Fox, of Reading, Pennsylvania, and, dying 2 Jan. 1847, left, by her (who d. 16 June 1862), issue :–

Solomon Burket (1806-1847), of Hancock Co., Ohio, b. 4 Nov. 1806; m., 1 June 1823, Mary, dau. of George Brehm, and left, by her (who d. 26 Sept. 1869), issue : —

    1.   Jacob R., of whom we treat.

He died 6 March 1847.

Residence — Findlay, Ohio.


The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.

Transcription: Memorial card for Rose-Anna Labelle

Rose-Anna Labelle Memorial Card
Rose-Anna Labelle Memorial Card

The following is a transcription of the memorial card for Rose-Anna Labelle, wife of the late Frédéric Sigouin, who passed away at St-Hippolyte on September 18, 1932.



Rose-Anna Labelle
épouse de feu Frédéric Sigouin
décédée à St-Hippolyte
le 18 septembre 1932

Seigneur, vous savez combien je dé
sirais être auprès des miens pour leur faire du bien ; puisque vous m’avez rappelé à Vous. Seigneur, prenez ma place auprès d’eux, soyez leur ami et leur consolateur.
(Père de la Colombière)

Quand Dieu rappelle à Lue une mère chrétienne D lègue à son enfant le souvenir de ses vertus pour être son modèle et sa force.

La perte d’une mère est le premier chagrin que l’on pleure sans elle.
Mon Jésus, donnez-lui le repos éternel.

Coeur Sacré de Jésus, j’ai confiance en vous.
(300 jours d’ind.)


The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.

Concerned citizens use genealogy to connect Jewish heirs with compensation for family property lost or destroyed in WWII..


I love genealogy.

I get so much pleasure and satisfaction from the small breakthroughs that are part of the pursuit of genealogy. This, however, is surely nothing compared to the self-worth and satisfaction felt by those who use their knowledge and experience in genealogy to track down the heirs to compensation for the lost or destroyed property and belongings of their ancestors at the hands of the Nazis.

Can you just imagine how it must have felt to be the one to have sent Cati Holland the email notifying her that she was entitled to compensation from Germany for the store her grandparents had owned.

I learned of her story from this article on the website, and it has inspired me.

Genealogy is such a personal pursuit and it was so wonderful to hear of the hobby possibly having a much broader implication, helping people who may very well have not known they were due anything at all.

If I were approached to help with such a pursuit, I would not hesitate to volunteer as much time (and as much money as I could afford) as is necessary.

These are the stories I like to hear.

photo credit: warein.holgado via photopin cc

Transcription – Marriage of Abraham Fougere and Elizabeth Cordeau


Abraham Fougère & Elizabeth Cordeau
Film # 1316273, Record # 16


Date and place of Marriage:    Jany 10th 1876 River Bourgeois C.B.
How married (by License or Banns):    Banns
Full name of Groom:    Abraham Fougère
His age:    23
Condition (Bachelor or Widower):    Bachelor
Profession or Trade:    Fisherman
Residence:    River Bourgeois
Where born:        “             “
Parents names:    Abraham Fougère & Adelaide Cordeau
Their profession:    (blank)

Full name of Bride:    Elizabeth Cordeau
Age:    22
Condition (Spinster or Widow):    Spinster
Her place of residence:    River Bourgeois
Parents names:    Simon Cordeau & Elizabeth Sançon
Their profession:    (blank)
Witnesses names:    Patrick Fougère & Elias Boucher
Signatures of parties Married:    (unsigned)
Officiating Clergyman:    W. M. Leblanc
Denomination of Clergyman:    Roman Catholic

I certify that the marriage of the persons above named was duly celebrated by me at the time and place, and in the manner, stated in this slip.

(Signed):    W. M. Leblanc
Officiating Clergyman


The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.


The truth is ” the genealogy community needs more respect ” …

I strongly believe that the genealogy community needs more respect and tolerance in numerous ways.
We all have our own methods, beliefs and processes that we prefer to use in our own genealogy research.



Just as I believe we should be tolerant of those in society who ARE different from each other, ACT different from each other, or BELIEVE different from each other, the same is true in the field of genealogy.

Tolerance is a key prerequisite to respect. We can’t respect anyone we judge, no matter what the reason or provocation.

I am one who believes in free and open exchange of genealogy information. I act accordingly offering all of my data images and sources for free download on my website. However, this does not mean that I expect the same from others.

I make it clear both on my site and in my personal communications that I do openly share information. Those who exchange information with me do so of their own free will and I respect their right to refuse, no matter what their reasons may be.

I am always amazed at the wonderful people I meet, correspond with, chat with and follow on social media. This aspect of my research is the most rewarding and enjoyable. These wonderful people more than make up for my infrequent encounters with those who are disrespectful, judgmental or demanding. Luckily, encountering them is very, very rare.

I love being an amateur genealogist (amateur being the key word here). After 20 years of research I would still not claim to be anything but an amateur who loves the field.

Avoiding the quick pace and immediate gratification of ‘Pinball Genealogy’.

Pinball machine.Recently I read a post on the blog about ‘Pinball Genealogy’, a general description of which is the quick ‘bouncing’ from one source to another, attaching the obvious data and facts without taking the time to explore the document to fully investigate all the information available.

An example of such a document is a census, which contains the listings of the individuals living in a household, their relationship to each other, gender, age, place of birth, etc. There is valuable information available elsewhere in the document, including neighbours, street addresses and house numbers, etc. that would be easily overlooked.

I bring this up as I’ve only just realized the importance of her philosophy as it relates to the fun, new, automated methods of mining genealogical data online using the latest generation of software.

Up until recently, I’ve entered everything manually when cataloging and entering data in my genealogy software. I would save the image (or other document), open it and size it to the right half of my screen, then open my software, and resize it to the remaining left half of the screen. The side-by-side windows make it easy to quickly transcribe the data from the image of document to the appropriate individuals, sources, etc. in the database. I have noticed that I have to struggle to resist the temptation to move quickly, saving the image and moving on to the next without transribing the data, fully intending on returning to it. This, however, never seems to happen and I’m left with an individual showing as unsourced even though I do have sources in my collection that have just not been entered. I do now continually work to finish entering these sources and try my hardest to completely exhaust all data from each and every document I use now and in the future.

A couple of weeks ago, however, I decided to switch to the Family Tree Maker 2012 software from and I’ve been working steadily familiarizing myself with the software and it’s features. The most intriguing feature is that of the ‘shaky leaf’ hints. This refers to the shaky leaf icon appearing at the top right of the individual’s cell in the pedigree window. Clicking on this leaf opens a browser window in the center of all the other windows neatly fitting on the screen and lists all ‘hints’ it has found for the person in question. Initially I started using it by only merging the data directly and quickly, but upon closer examination, I realized that this system only harvests the most obvious information, ignoring all extraneous information on the document.

In order to avoid the ‘quick and easy’ habit (ergo ‘Pinball Genealogy’), I have instead worked on making a habit of opening the image in a separate window after completing the merge as structured with Family Tree Maker 2012. Then I systematically go through the document and transcribe any additional data that was useful or may be useful in the future and enter it as well. This is especially important for the ‘hints’ from scanned publications, books, etc. as, although they are searchable, it is not possible to automatically merge the data into one’s database. In these cases, it is essential to manually enter the data from the document.

Perhaps there should be a 12-step program for those of us prone to ‘Pinball Genealogy’ to assist and support us in our efforts to change our ways…

Unknown Soldiers: DNA technology makes it possible for their remains to be identified.

Unknown soldiers can be identified!


More than 83,000 US service members lost since the start of WWII are still missing, according to a representative of the Department of Defence. Several lie in forgotten graves on the battlefield and below memorials offering no clue to their identities.

New techniques in DNA technology may mean we have seen the last burial of an unknown soldier. In offices and laboratories across the country and archaeological sites scattered across continents, groups of investigators and scientists comb the remains of the past for lost defenders.

In the US, the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command (JPAC), based in Honolulu, Hawaii, and also the Defense Prisoner of War/Missing Personnel Office (DPMO), based in Arlington, Virginia keep case files on each missing sailor, soldier, Marine and airman.

Researchers at JPAC and DPMO establish possible sites of remains. A team of archaelogists visited North Korea in 2004 and located skeletal remains of thirty individuals tossed haphazardly into a mass grave close to Chosin Reservoir. They shipped the bones to JPAC in Honolulu, where the bones were used to find gender, age, ancestry, and distinguishing marks. The process can take anywhere from two weeks to one year, depending on the existing backlog. Frustratingly, the original sample may not be enough and in that case, they must restart from the beginning.

For the remains whose DNA is successfully processed, the researchers will try and match them with DNA samples taken from thousands of possible family members.

Two of my great uncles, Private Joseph Philias Albert Emery and Private Joseph Turmaine, were reported missing in action in WWI and I would be thrilled to have their remains recovered.

The great ‘Golden Rules of Genealogy’ at a glance.

This image listing some wonderful golden rules of genealogy was recently posted on the Facebook page for They are all rules that promote common courtesy and consideration among genealogy researchers, but they also provide common sense guidelines to ensure best practices for those exchanging genealogical information, and promote being as thorough and accurate as possible while still leaving the ‘clues’ available for making new genealogical discoveries.

Golden Rules of Genealogy