All things history and genealogy.

All things history and genealogy.

Category: Tips

Transcription: Baptism records of 1855 taken from the Drouin Collection, 1670-1946.

 

The following is my transcription of Baptism records of 1855 taken from the Drouin Collection for  Arichat, Île du cap-Breton-N. Écosse (paroisse de l’Assomption).

 

Those baptised are François Hilarion Forest, Alexandre Albert Hureau, Charles Edouard Fougère, Sara Jeanne Girroir, Philomène Hureau, William Thomas Forgeron, Henriette Elizabeth Landry.

 


1855

B. 139

François Hilarion Forrest

Le vingt-deux Novembre mil huit cens cinquante cinq, nous prètre soussigné avons baptisé François Hilarion né, le dix-neuf du mème mois, du légitime mariage de Lairé Forrest et de Marcelline Samson de cette paroisse. Le parrain a été Jean Beauséjour et la marrain Françoise Paon.

H. Girroir, Ptre
­­­______

B. 140

Alexandre Albert Hureau

Le vingt-six Novembre mil huit cens cinquante cinq, nous prètre soussigné avons baptisé Alexandre Albert né la veille, du légitime mariage de Jean Hureau et de Amilie Briand de cette paroisse. Le parrain a été Alfred Briand et la marrain Adelaide Hureau.

H. Girroir, Ptre


B. 142

Sara Jeanne Girroir

Le vingt six Novembre mil huit cens cinquante cinq, nou prètre soussigné avons baptisé Sara Jeanne née avant veille, du légitime mariage de Abraham Girroir et de Susanne Forrest de cette paroisse. Le parrain a été Alex. Forrest et la marraine Sabina Angélique Forrest.

H. Girroir, Ptre

++ voir B. 145.


B. 143

Henriette Elizabeth Landry

Le vingt huit Novemb re mil huit dens cinquante cinq nous prètre soussigné avons baptizé Henriette Elizabeth fille legitime de Abraham Landry et Julie Boudrault. Le parrain a été ???oi Landry, la marrain Mare Leblanc.

H. McDonald, Ptre


Le ?eu?e neuf Novembre mil huit cent cinquante cinq nous prètre soussigné, avons baptizé ubn enfant James né l’avant villle de legitime mariage de Michael ?????? et Mary Doyle.


B. 144

William Thomas Forgeron

Le he?t?? Novembre mil huit cens cinqante cinq nous prètre soussigné, avons baptizé William Thomas né lávant veille, du legitime mariage de Élisée Fourgon et Victoire Landry. Le parrain a été Guillaume Henry la maraine Adelle Leblanc.

H. McDonald Ptre


B. 145

Philomène Hureau

Le vingt six novembre mil huit cens vinquante cinq, nous prètre soussigné avons baptisé Philomène née, le veille, du légitime mariage de Aimé Hureau et de Mathilde Boudrault. Le árrain a été Policarpe Boudrault et la marraine Victoire Hureau.

H. Girroir, Ptre

Transcription of baptism records of 1855 taken from the Drouin Collection.

The following is the translated text (exactly as provided) via Google Translate.

 

1855

B. 139

François Hilarion Forrest

On the twenty-second of November, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, we, the undersigned, baptized François Hilarion, born on the nineteenth of the same month, of the legitimate marriage of Lair6 Forrest and Marcelline Samson of this parish. The godfather was Jean Beauséjour and the married Françoise Paon.

H. Girroir, Ptre


B. 140

Alexandre Albert Hureau

On the twenty-sixth of November, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, we, the undersigned, baptized Alexandre Albert, born the day before, of the legitimate marriage of Jean Hureau and Amilie Briand of this parish. The godfather was Alfred Briand and marraine Adelaide Hureau.

H. Girroir, Ptre


B. 142

Sara Jeanne Girror

On the twenty sixth of November, one thousand eight hundred and fifty five, we, the undersigned, baptized Sara Jeanne born before the eve of the legitimate marriage of Abraham Girroir and Susanne Forrest of this parish. The godfather was Alex. Forrest and the godmother Sabina Angélique Forrest.

H. Girroir, Ptre

++ see B. 145.


B. 143

Henriette Elizabeth Landry

On the twenty-eighth day of November, one thousand eight in fifty-five, we, the undersigned, baptized Henriette Elizabeth, the legitimate daughter of Abraham Landry and Julie Boudrault. The godfather was ??? oi Landry, the married Mare Leblanc.

H. McDonald, Ptre


The nine eighth November one thousand eight hundred and fifty five we prerequisite undersigned, baptized ubn child James born the villain of legitimate marriage of Michael ?????? And Mary Doyle.


B. 144

William Thomas Forgeron

The he ?? November one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, under the undersigned, baptized William Thomas born before the eve of the legitimate marriage of Elisee Fourgon and Victoire Landry. The godfather was Guillaume Henry Adelle Leblanc.

H. McDonald Ptre


B. 145

Philomène Hureau

On the twenty-sixth of November, eight hundred and fifty cents, we, the undersigned, baptized Philomene, born the day before, of the legitimate marriage of Aime Hureau and Mathilde Boudrault. The árrain was Policarpe Boudrault and the godmother Victoire Hureau.

H. Girroir, Ptre

_____________________

The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.

Originally posted 2017-05-06 13:19:24. Republished by Blog Post Promoter

Police can request your DNA from sites like Ancestry, 23andMe.

 

Millions of people have handed their DNA over to genetic testing companies like Ancestry or 23andMe to learn more about their family history.

Eric Yarham wanted to learn about his heritage, so he mailed off his saliva to 23andMe.

“I’m just trying to unravel the mystery that is your genetics,” said Yarham.

 

Yarham was surprised to find a tiny portion of his DNA profile can be traced back to sub-Saharan Africa. He was also unaware that his genetic information could end up in the hands of police.

“The police make mistakes and I would rather not be on the unfortunate end of one of those mistakes, as a result of my DNA being somewhere that is unlucky,” Yarham said.

Both 23andMe and Ancestry confirm your DNA profile could be disclosed to law enforcement if they have a warrant.

23andMe Privacy Officer Kate Black said, “We try to make information available on the website in various forms, so through Frequently Asked Questions, through information in our privacy center.”

According to the company’s self-reported data, law enforcement has requested information for five American 23andMe customers since it began offering home test kits more than a decade ago.

23andMe’s website states, “In each of these cases, 23andMe successfully resisted the request and protected our customers’ data from release to law enforcement.”

Black said she wouldn’t entirely rule it out in the future. “We would always review a request and take it on a case-by-case basis,” Black said.

Read on . . .

 

Source: Police can request your DNA from sites like Ancestry, 23andMe

Originally posted 2018-01-12 11:48:03. Republished by Blog Post Promoter

My favorite and most used US genealogy research links.

 

The following is my extensive list of my favorite and most used US genealogy research links. Although the vast majority of these are free, there are a few paid sites included that I do subscribe to – simply because I find them invaluable.

 

Originally posted 2016-06-23 15:39:29. Republished by Blog Post Promoter

Creating and safeguarding a digital library of genealogy records and images.

 

The first consideration when starting to research your genealogy is creating and safeguarding a digital library of genealogy records and images.

 

Creating and safeguarding a digital library of genealogy records.
The importance of creating and safeguarding a digital library of genealogy records.

I have been a computer user from the day of the old single-use word processors. Therefore, I tend to digitize everything into my own digital library of valuables from family photos, tax documents, bills, bank records, correspondence – and of course, genealogy records, genealogy databases and data.

I’m not a novice. I’m well aware of the pitfalls of relying on a digital library, but I’m as guilty as the next person for procrastination and rationalization.

When it comes to doing the tasks necessary to ensure my genealogy records are secure and permanent, I tend to think, “It’s OK, I’ll do it later.”

There are, however, some very serious pitfalls of putting these things off.

Some of the compelling reasons for digitizing records include:

  • Immediacy of sending genealogy records digitally over the internet.
  • Ease of organization, storage, searching and reproduction.
  • Ability to share family genealogy records between yourself and others.
  • Retain genealogy records in condition at the time of scanning to safeguard against the inevitable ravages of time on physical documents, etc.
  • More and more genealogy records are “born-digital”, never having been in physical form at all.

The digital backup we are used to is not sufficient to safeguard and archive records. The process required includes:

  • Storing with background, technical and descriptive information.
  • Storing records in several locations.
  • Archiving for a very lengthy period of time.
  • Saving genealogy data at a very high resolution.
  • Periodically backing up stored genealogy records to new media to prevent loss of data.
  • Converting file formats and media to new ones to avoid obsolescence.
  • Ensuring access to the digital genealogy records collection.

For my own digital archive storage, I am using a 1 terabyte hard drive and save all important genealogy documents and photos to it. If my sum total of research at this point wasn’t as large as it is, I would use the ‘cloud’ as a backup. But there are limits to the quantity of data it will hold.

All of my original genealogy files and data are on my computer.

I also transfer the files periodically to a new backup using the newest technology and format.

I don’t believe in using CDs, DVDs or even flash drives for permanent storage at all as I’ve had too many fail.

photo credit: Sean MacEntee via photopin cc

Originally posted 2017-01-21 11:25:02. Republished by Blog Post Promoter

Forensic Genealogy: Dead men do tell tales.

 

I tend to use a combination of the more general genealogy research techniques as well as some of those considered to be forensic genealogy.

 

I didn’t even realize I used these techniques or that there was actually a name for them until I read the following article.

 

forensic genealogy
In forensic genealogy – dead men do tell tales.

While the Bermuda Triangle is the end of a journey, the Forensic Genealogy Research Triangle represents the beginning of an ancestral research journey.

History, Geography, and DNA create the perfect equilateral triangle of forensic research. If you must supply documentation for a legal case that requires source citations or written reports, you are now entering the world of forensic genealogy.

When I set out to research this article, I was a tad surprised to see forensic genealogy described as a “modern” approach to family research, as though it were invented yesterday. The practice has been around for quite some time. Only recently has it gotten a sexy name and the respect and appreciation it deserves.

I have heard forensic genealogy described as “the study of kinship and identity as it pertains to the law.”

That’s a good definition, but I prefer professional genealogist Megan Smolenyak’s description – “reverse genealogy” – because in many forensic cases, you begin with the deceased and you look for the living, compared to conventional genealogy, which usually starts with the living and looks for the deceased. (Ms. Smolenyak is the author of Trace Your Roots with DNA.)

A lot of forensic research is figured out by available documentation with science and technology mixed in. The three most important sources of this area of study are:

  1. Photo analysis
  2. Database mining
  3. DNA analysis

 

Research Formula

 

Forensic techniques + conventional research = forensic genealogy

 

In other words, forensic genealogy takes the facts discovered by conventional genealogy and weaves them together to give you an entire picture. It is a relatively modern approach to family research for the legal profession and law enforcement. I’ve heard it referred to as “CSI Meets Roots.”

One of the most common uses for forensic genealogy is to locate missing heirs to estates. This is not a new practice. In fact, Laurie Thompson, a highly respected former Regent of a New York City Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) chapter, provided genealogy research to the FBI and other law enforcement agencies, in addition to finding next of kin, for more than 40 years. She didn’t have the luxury of online databases; she did it the hardcopy way. The answer to a case may be found in a city directory or in hospital or cemetery records. So “high-tech” is not necessary in forensic genealogy, but it sure does help. Where the high-technology comes in handy is with the DNA testing; but in the end, the science must be supported by the analyses of photos and documents.

A short list of areas that are served by forensic genealogy includes:

  • Probate and estate cases
  • Guardianship cases (next of kin)
  • Civil pension, Social Security, or veteran benefits
  • Land issues

 

Experts in the Field

 

Colleen Fitzpatrick

 

Fitpatrick is described as a “real-life CSI detective who has helped crack the most compelling mysteries of our time.” Currently, she is a consulting genealogist for the Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory (AFDIL).

Boasting a PhD in nuclear physics, as well as an MS in physics from Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, Colleen Fitzpatrick founded her own high-tech optics company (Rice Systems) in her garage. She subsequently contracted with NASA, the US Department of Defense, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the National Science Foundation, as well as other civil and government agencies.

Fitzpatrick is the author of several best-selling books on genealogy, including Forensic Genealogy, which is considered “The Reference” for the entire profession. Dick Eastman, renowned genealogist and host of his own website Eastman’s Online Genealogy Newsletter, highly recommends her book. Other books by Fitzpatrick include DNA and Genealogy (2005) and Dead Horse Investigation: Forensic Photo Analysis for Everyone, among others.

 

Dee Dee King

 

An expert in the field of forensic genealogy, Dee Dee King serves on the board of the Council for the Advancement of Forensic Genealogy (CAFG); a professional business league. The Council’s website offers valuable research resources, including links to probate codes, bar associations, state rules of evidence, genealogist/attorney relationships, and more. The Council also offers classes, and those who pass the course receive a Forensic Genealogy Institute Certificate of Completion.

Forensic genealogy in short is research, analysis, and reporting in cases with legal implications. It’s mining for research gold, using creative resources outside the realm of conventional genealogy research. It is applying scientific processes to traditional research to arrive at an answer. It is the dead speaking from the grave… “where are you?” Do you hear dead people speaking? If you do, forensic genealogy may be for you.

 

Author: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Nancy_Siddons-Daniels

Originally posted 2016-12-04 07:02:07. Republished by Blog Post Promoter

Transcription: Crandall Family burial site memorial marker.

 

The following is my transcription of the Crandall Family burial site memorial marker of Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts. The graveyard is located at Pound Road, Westerly, Washington, Rhode Island.

 

Reverend John Crandall was the 8th great grandfather to my children through his first wife.

 

Featured image: Crandall Family Burial Ground, Westerly, Washington, Rhode Island.

CRANDALL FAMILY

Ancestral Burial Site

 

Crandall Burial Site
Crandall Burial Site memorial marker.

Elder John Crandall 1st Wife Died 1669
1647 Hannah Gaylord 2nd Wife 1678

1753 John Crandall after 1819
Rev. War Veteran
1755 Anna Gradner Wife

Tombstone of Reverend John Crandall
Tombstone of Reverend John Crandall.

Esther Lewis Crandall Lydia Saunders Crandall

1738 Lewis Crandall 1830 John G. Crandall
1790 Hannah Crandall Lizzie Primus
1793 Joshua Crandall

FROM “WESTERLY AND ITS WITNESSES”
erected by the
CRANDALL FAMILY ASSOCIATION
30 May 1994

___

Tombstone:

ELDER JOHN CRANDALL

c.1609 – 1676

____________________

The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.

Originally posted 2016-12-09 13:35:18. Republished by Blog Post Promoter

5 ways to find out more about your ancestors.

 

You would think, since we live in a digital age, we would be more in touch with exactly who we are and where our families came from. There was a time when most UK and western families were comprised of Britons who could trace their lineage back countless generations. Such is the case with our family.

 

Those days are quickly fading into obscurity as more and more people travel the globe and emigrate to new countries, perhaps many times in their lifespan.

 

Are you looking to trace your family tree? You can find out more about your ancestors using these 5 handy tips.

(Featured image above: Lincolnshire Regiment, WWI.)

 

1.   Start with your own immediate family.

 

Family portrait from the mid to late 60's with us girls in coordinating outfits hand made by Mom.
My immediate family portrait from the mid to late 60’s with us girls in coordinating outfits hand made by Mom, c. 1967. (That’s me third from the left, just behind my Mom.)

Sometimes Mom and Dad know more than they’ve shared with you.

Perhaps you were too young and they didn’t think you’d be interested, or they were just too busy with the everyday affairs of raising a family.

Start with your parents, grandparents, aunts and uncles. They might have clues you could easily follow up on!

 

2.   Search photo albums and scrap books.

 

Search photo albums and scrapbooks.

This is another tip you could use right in your own home. Start checking out the family photo albums and scrap books. These might hold clues to ‘unknown’ ancestors you never knew existed.

Sometimes families keep mementos through countless generations and these might hold the real key to your ancestry!

 

3.   Research driving records.

 

Traffic Violator

Whoever would have thought that learning to drive a car would be a way in which some long-lost relative could find you in their family tree?

As you are preparing to take your driving theory test and are making use of online practice tests, just think about how important this might be one day. Not only will passing your driving theory enable you to go on to the practical exam, but some day, that driving licence just might put you in touch with a distant cousin you might never have met otherwise.

They may have more information on ancestors you want to record in your genealogy.

 

4.   Online resources and genealogy chat rooms.

 

Genealogy chat rooms.

One really useful site that many searching their ancestry use is an online chat room at Genes United. Here you can chat with others, post messages that you are looking for a specific branch of the family, or simply talk to others about how they are proceeding in their search.

Other important genealogy research sites are the GenUKI group of sites and the UK GenWeb, Canada GenWeb and the US GenWeb sites, which provide valuable information, tips and hints, and also a ton of links to other valuable resources and sites.

 

5.   Join a family history society.

 

Federation of Family History SocietiesThere are a number of family history societies that you might like to join. Some are small local sites while others have a huge online presence.

Certain church affiliations put a great deal of emphasis on ancestry, so you might find a family history society in your local church as well.

Whether you find information from driving records or from relatives you find online in chat rooms, there are so many ways in which to conduct a search that were never available in previous generations. In fact, there are even DNA testing sites that can tell you if you are a ‘blue blood’ or of mixed ancestry.

The key is to be persistent and record, chart and document everything you learn. There are numerous free or inexpensive software programs that make this easy, leading you through step by step.

Before long, you may even be able to trace your lineage back to the Middle Ages.

Wouldn’t that be fun?

Originally posted 2016-05-18 11:43:07. Republished by Blog Post Promoter

Irish Genetic Homeland Finder: Ancestry by DNA, place names, surnames.

The Irish Genetic Homeland Finder website is taking advantage of Ireland being the one country that preceded all others in using paternal surnames, by using the surnames as well as DNA and geographical place names in pinpointing direct male ancestry for approximately 1,000 years.
Irish Genetic Homeland Finder: Ancestry by DNA
Irish Genetic Homeland Finder traces Irish Ancestry using DNA, place names, and surnames.

This is an interactive site available to anyone who may be curious about their Irish surname, or those interested in more detailed research into Irish surnames that appear in their family tree.

Registration for this site is free and the first six queries are free, although there are fees applied on a pay as you go basis for additional queries.

All that is necessary is to input your surname(s) of interest to find locations where farmers with that surname cluster, in addition to place names and castles associated with the surname(s). Once the search button is pressed, it is possible to zoom within the interactive map to find known areas of concentrations of the names.

This works particularly well in Ireland because original farming families of a particular surname can still be found farming the lands of their ancestors. Those farmers also used their name in naming places they lived and castles they built, owned and passed on through their families.

If there is more than one Irish surname in one’s ancestry, it is possible to input all surnames and find locations where the highest concentration of each surname can be compared and finding likely places where both surnames coexisted.

Searches can be saved to avoid ever having to pay for the same search twice.

When examined in conjunction with an ancestral DNA test, it is possible to achieve a much more detailed and precise result. The DNA test can help to reveal surnames of ancestors and neighbors up to about 1,000 years ago.

I don’t have much Irish ancestry, but I’m sure this site could be hugely valuable to those whose Irish ancestry is more significant.

photo credit: George L Smyth via photopin cc

The benefits of storing your DNA for future use.

Assisting with legal issues, future comparison for accuracy, investigation of family histories, and verification of paternity and maternity are only a few of the benefits of storing your DNA for future use.
storing your DNA for future use.
The benefits of storing your DNA for future use.

As of June 2013, it has been legal for law enforcement officers to obtain DNA samples from people who have been arrested but not convicted of a serious crime. The purpose of this collection process is to enable the police to easily scan DNA evidence that has been collected from other crime scenes with the intention of helping them solve more cases. Although this was a controversial Supreme Court decision, it has also opened the door for individuals to consider protecting their rights by storing their own DNA samples. After all, evidence is not always as tamper-proof as it should be, and it could be extremely beneficial to have a professionally collected and stored sample for comparison’s sake.

What are the perks of storing DNA samples?

There are many reasons that an individual could decide to store their DNA. For example, it can provide an easily testable record of their family line for future genealogy enthusiasts, and it can also speed up the process of determining paternity. From a legal standpoint, being able to conclusively verify whether or not someone is the parent of a child can be imperative in certain cases. It is also important to consider the implications of DNA on criminal cases. The Justice Project has helped people become exonerated years after a conviction by comparing DNA samples, and now everyone has the opportunity to make sure that a reliable sample of their DNA will be available if they find themselves accused of a crime they did not commit.

How will stored DNA impact a legal case?

It is necessary for a DNA sample to be properly processed and stored in order for it to provide reliable results during a legal case. Any tampering or improper storage of DNA could cause the results to be skewed. Additionally, it is important to note that prosecutors do not always use DNA as evidence. In these cases, having properly stored DNA could very easily help lead to an acquittal, especially if any DNA that was found on the scene does not match the samples that are provided by the accused. Even if someone does get convicted, their stored sample could end up getting them exonerated in the future if new DNA evidence is found.

What happens if the DNA samples do not match?

If a prosecutor claims that an individual’s DNA links them to a crime but their sample does not match the one that the accused has in storage, it will typically become necessary for law enforcement officers to obtain a second sample. Going through this process can help erase any doubts about improper storage and processing, and it can make the difference between an acquittal and a conviction. With this in mind, it makes perfect sense for everyone to protect themselves by storing a sample of their DNA with a professional collection company.

Article Source

photo credit: Spanish Flea via photopin cc

Here’s how to find unindexed records on Ancestry.com .

unindexed recordsNews Flash! Unindexed records are available on Ancestry.com and they can be searched if you know how.

I certainly didn’t realize that Ancestry.com indexing does not include all records until I read a post by Crista Cowan on the <a rel=”nofollow” href=”http://blogs.ancestry.com/ancestry/2013/07/25/browsing-records-on-ancestry-com-video/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+ancestry+%28Ancestry.com +blog%29&utm_content=Netvibes” target=”_blank”>Ancestry.com blog.

For this reason, it can pay to view an entire record set for additional information. She includes a video tutorial for browsing full collections on Ancestry. This is a great way to find elusive information that could help get through those brick walls.

photo credit: deflam via photopin cc

What happened to civility and cooperation in genealogy research?

The vast majority of my interactions with regard to my own genealogical research and that of fellow genealogists has been friendly, cooperative and extremely helpful. Infrequently, however, I have been in a position to wonder what is happening to the culture of civility and cooperation in genealogy research?
argument
Debate and controversy are good. Rudeness and harassment are not.

Although there have been small incidents that could be termed problematic, there were two situations which could be characterized as ongoing harassment.

I have been actively researching 4-8 hours per day for almost twenty years and have amassed a database of about 122,000 individuals.

Of these, about 20% are without sources and notes and could be considered speculative at best. Now here it is important to note that I have thousands of sources and images that are not yet attached to individuals. This is because I choose to make good use of my Ancestry.com subscription dollar and save the sources I find to an ‘unattached’ folder on my computer while entering the basic identifying information into my database.

When my subscription expires, I then take several months to attach the sources found to the individuals in the database. The result is that a number of the seemingly ‘unsourced’ individuals do have sources that have simply not been entered as yet.

I have been criticized for unsourced individuals being included in my database, but I do explain (and have a written policy on the site explaining) that I include unsourced information as the sources may simply have not been entered, or they are used as ‘clues’ to further research. Although there have been instances where the information – or at least part of it – was erroneous, the vast majority of these proved to be valid. All information in my database should be evaluated solely on the quality of the sources. If there are no sources, one can assume it is speculative and choose to not use it.

However, it is important to note that my online database has not been updated in months and I don’t intend to update it in future. This is because of issues with the software using identifying numbers which change with each and every update, causing numerous broken links and seriously affecting the performance of the site. If anyone knows of a genealogy website publishing system that allows for access to sources, images, etc. and uses the name and not ID numbers, please do let me know.

If you find a line you’re researching in my database online, feel free to contact me to inquire if I have any unentered sources, images or other information. I will gladly foward them and/or a gedcom of that particular branch.

I do, however, intend to transcribe sources on Empty Nest Genealogy, and these will include sources that are not actually entered into the online database, thereby making them available anyway. This will be a slow process, but I am working on it.

Now, back to these incidents.

Incident #1

The first of these occurred about a year ago when a woman named ‘Barbara’ emailed me about my efforts researching the family of James Harmond Reynolds, which includes extensive Hubbell and Keller lines. To illustrate our connection, the mother of my husband’s father and older brother remarried after a divorce to Harmond James Reynolds, whose mother was Elizabeth Keller (see chart).

What's happening to civility and cooperation in genealogy research?
Chart illustrating my family’s connection to the Hubbell / Keller lineage. (Click on the image to see it in full size.)

She berated me for using any Hubbell data as, according to her, we are not connected to the Hubbell lineage. Following is the copied and pasted email string to illustrate.

…I am contacting you, as you appear to be the link for the Blythe Family Tree on “Our Famiy History”  and you have the data of “The Descendants of Nehemiah Hubble and Lucretia Welton” included.  As I am the keeper of this information and this work is copyright protected, I am curious as to why you have included it.  There are only 12 “BLYTH” names in the book so if this means you are connected to one of them I would be interested in having your information.

What is very stressful, is that for whatever reason, be it a computer glitch or input, you have a number of inaccurate pieces of data and these inaccurate bits are not reflected in the book.

My request is simply that you remove the links to “The Descendants of Nehemiah Hubble and Lucretia Welton” or at least only show your direct relationship back to it.  As an organization we have worked very hard, for many years, getting the family data as correct as possible and again, very distressing to see it used in this way with so much incorrect data portrayed as though it comes from us…

Barbara

…I am sorry you feel this way. My father-in-law, Marshall Blythe is the step-son to James Reynolds and half-brother to William and Helen Reynolds, who are related to the Kellers and Hubbles. You can see the connection in the database.

Just because I have cited your publication does not mean it was used as the source for all of the data and sometimes where the data of more than one source conflicts, I have to choose what appears to be the most accurate data. You will see that there are several sources cited for each individual and/or fact – and not just yours. Are you positive the information you have is actually the correct information? Also, citing a publication as a source is not an infringement of copyright.

I would, however, like to know what information is incorrect and I will work to correct it. Unfortunately, in the exchange of genealogy information, mistakes do happen and I apologize for any that may exist in this data.

Without specific information about errors you have found, I will have to rework the data to try and find the errors you speak of. This could take a quite a while…

Christine

I can appreciate you entering the lineage back from your father-in-law relating to the Keller’s and Hubble’s but since you aren’t doing the actual research for the entire HUBBLE descendants of Rawdon – and I am – and I was the person who did the work for the publication of The Descendants of Nehemiah Hubble & Lucretia Welton AND published a corrections booklet to the book in 2005 AND have maintained updating the Corrections – yes, I suspect I am more certain of the facts of the family than you.No, you are correct that citing a publication as a source is not an infringement of copyright, however, we hobby genealogists also need to encourage a level of ethics in our use of material produced by others. I stand by the fact that your Marshall (Reynolds) Blythe is not blood related to the whole of the HUBBELL/HUBBLE/HUBBEL/HUBEL/HUBLE clan going back to Rock, England and therefore you should allow that research to be posted by those that do the research for that line.  That research is being done by the U.S. Hubbell Family Association and they also are always actively updating their information and that said, even I do not try to duplicate their work beyond entering the name only of the direct line back to Richard HUBBALL…

Barbara

I do understand Barbara’s concern over any errors in another researcher’s data, but I object completely to the idea that because one individual started to research a line first, they own that lineage.

I finally stopped responding and was relieved she had ceased emailing me, thinking the whole thing was over. Then I read a post on Dick Eastman’s Online Genealogy Newsletter regarding ‘discouragement of newbie genealogy researchers’ and commented about my own position on including unsourced information. Unfortunately, this newsletter site has been redesigned and no longer goes back that far in its archives, so I can’t quote from it directly.

The same day, there was a reply from Barbara repeating her opinion about ownership and rights to genealogy research, and making a direct slam to me without naming me (and I paraphrase): “a database of 115,000 individuals does not a genealogist make.” Now, I know this was the same woman because she had previously referred to my database of 115,000 being impossible to accumulate.

Incident #2

Gravestone of Evan Dhu Shelby
Tombstone of Evan Dhu Shelby.

The second incident occurred much more recently in response to a post on this site regarding Evan Isaac Shelby, in which much was recounted about his ancestor Evan (Dhu) Shelby, the pioneering immigrant from Wales to Pennsylvania. There has been a lot of controversy over whether the nickname ‘Dhu’ was ever used as it is only recorded as being associated with this individual in anecdotal evidence of the period. However, a later ancestor was also known as Evan Dhu Shelby, as is clearly stated on his tombstone (see right).

A gentleman commented on the post,

THERE IS NO EVAN DHU SHELBY, only Evan Shelby

Back around 1903 someone made application to the DAR and picked up the ‘dhu’ and used it in their application(s).

The use of Dhu first appeared in an early book by Armstrong in which he provides no basis for the use. I suspect he picked it up by mistake from a poem by Alexander McLachlan “In memory of Sir Ewen Cameron of Lochiel, 1629 -1719″. This is a poem that pays tribute to a Scotsman who went by “Evan Dhu” http://www.scotland.com/forums/poets-corner/22981-death-evan-dhu.html

Later Janet Schonert wrote a book “Chasin Shelbys” and continued using “dhu” as a middle name in error.

ALL of the researchers who have made the pilgrimage to St. Carron’s church in Wales and have looked at the ACTUAL baptismal records of Evan Shelby(see below) have confirmed that Evan had NO middle name, further, other than the DAR, which has no basis for the use of dhu, Alexander’s mistake, and Schonert who has perpetuated it, no other researcher or author has found any evidence to support its’ use.

The two premier Shelby authorities, Cass Knight Shelby, and Johnnie Mulinax Johnson, along with Shelby document historian Judith Trolinger have debunked the use of Dhu.

Over the years I have tried to educate as many Shelby researchers with the facts, but once the cow is out of the barn….

For you serious Shelby researchers here’s a partial list of Shelby research sources: (and yes, I’ve included those that use “dhu” ….sigh)

_______

1. Notable Southern Families, Armstrong, Zella, 1918, 273pgs. http://archive.org/details/notablesouthern00frengoog

2. A Report on the First Three Generations of the Shelby Family in the United States of America – by Shelby, Cass K.”, 1927, 26pgs. http://www.ancestralbooks.com/Shelby.html

3. Sketches of the Shelby, McDowell, Deaderick, Anderson families, Moon, Anna Mary, 1933, 150pgs. http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89066319427;view=1u

4. The Shelby family: ancestry and descendants of John Shelby and his son David Shelby ; pioneers of Tennessee, Galloway, Howard S. 1964, 352pgs

5. Chasin’ Shelby’s [sic] : a basic outline of the descendants of Jonathon, Jacob, Rees Shelby, Schonert, Janet D, 1971, 109pgs

6. Our ancestors and kinsmen: the Shelbys, Polks, McLartys, Perkersons, Tarpleys, and Camps, Camp Max W. , 1976, 128pgs

7. Our Shelbys, Johnson, Johnnie Mullinax, 1991, 209pgs

8. Rees and Mary Shelby: ancestors & descendants, Johnson, Johnnie Mullinax, 1994, 510pgs. (This book is THE Gold Standard, most exhaustive and best researched for Phillip Selby/Shelby’s line)

Now, I don’t have any issue with the above comments as they are succinct, illustrating his reasons for believing the name Dhu is inaccurate, but I responded with my reasons for choosing to leave the nickname Dhu in the database while explaining the controversy surrounding the name in the notes.

My response included:

Anything entered in my database that is not supported by a source is described as such. Where ‘family stories’ are unsubstantiated, they are identified as such. I clearly identify all my sources and unfortunately, if I have a document source, it takes precedence over word of mouth evidence that is anything but first party…

Only to receive a response back from him:

“I would love to see any documentary source that contradicts the information I’ve already sourced. The information I have that is not sourced and disagrees with the information you’ve provided will be changed.”

How can I prove a negative ?

There IS no document that supports/proves that Evan had “Dhu” as a middle name.

On the other hand, Evan’s ACTUAL baptismal/christening documents at St. Caron’s church, transcribed in Judy Trolinger’s notes that I provided are indeed PROOF of his real name. (See posst by Jef SHELBY at Genforum and Ancestry as he too has inspected the ACTUAL documents from the 1700′s).

Still believing that the absense of a name on a birth certificate is not definitive proof that it was not used, I responded again:

I have only ever referred to ‘Dhu’ in brackets or quotes in my database as a nickname, which he most likely would have come by at a later age. I do use this as it is mentioned in documentary sources I have found, which include Sons of the American Revolution applications and biographical documents, among others.

I then believed this debate to be concluded until I came upon this thread of comments to a post I made on the rootsweb.com site, in which I directed readers to the data, images and sources I had made available.

The first comment was from a different person and he states:

…”Evan Shelby DID NOT HAVE A MIDDLE NAME OF DHU!. A very early researcher threw that one in- It simply means ‘black’ in Galic (sic)”…

The gentleman who had responded to the post on my genealogy blog then responded:

…I have tried repeatedly to help this researcher/historian repeal her use of “dhu”…. …I have posted what I believe to be exhaustive and logical support as to why Evan did not have Dhu as a middle name at https://www.emptynestgenealogy.com/evan-dhu-isaac-shelby-of-tr… for those reading this post…

The response to him from the first commenter was:

“Dhu” (?) =s DUH!!!

Then there was a response back to him:

Really ? I thought its’ use was DHUmb

At this point, I was seeing ‘red’ and posted the following response:

I’m so disappointed in how rude some (very few mind you) researchers are. This gentleman has refused to accept the fact that I have a difference of opinion on this matter.

I have every right to disagree with Judy Trolinger, as much as her research has been helpful to me and numerous others (and with him) because there is at least one written account of the use the name ‘Dhu’ and since it’s documented as having been used by a later Evan Shelby (I have an image of it on a tombstone), it’s not inconceivable that it was used with this earlier Evan and carried on through the family. This would be considered a ‘nickname’ and would not be documented on a birth record, which is this researcher’s rationale for my being wrong. I may very well be wrong, but since there is some anectodal evidence of its use, I prefer to keep it until proven otherwise. If he would bother to check further, he would find the image of the tombstone documenting the nickname ‘Dhu’ in my database.

There is nothing ‘DHU’mb about my conclusions. As long as I make it clear why I make them in my research, which I do on the main website and his entry in the database site at https://www.emptynestgenealogy.com/blythegenealogygetperson.php?personID=I2634&….

Now, I do apologize that this post has been so long-winded, but I wanted to depict accurately what happened in both these incidents.

As far as I’m concerned, there is no room in genealogy for kingdomship, lack of civility, and harassment as a result of differing points of view.

I am so thankful that the vast majority of genealogy researchers I’ve dealt with have been pleasant, helpful and led to some relationships with other researchers through my blog and database site.

Please do let me know if you find any erroneous information in my database, but please do include a source or a link to a source as support for me to change my information. I appreciate any help I can get.

photo credit: brainpop_uk via photopin cc

Access to FBI files is possible with GetGrandpasFBIFile.com

InvestigationEver wondered how you can get information about a family member who my have been investigated in the past? A new website for accessing federal investigation files called GetGrandpasFBIFile.com can now help – at least with federal investigations.

No matter what the reason for the investigation is, major crime, murder, smuggling, you can search.

There is bad news however. These files will only be available for a finite period of time as only a small portion of these files will be preserved at the National Archives. The rest will be destroyed in the interest of saving space.

Files on living people will be provided with written permission.

I visited the GetGrandpasFBIFile.com site and placed a request for the file of an ancestor of ours, William Read Kirk, who was last known to be an inmate in the Ohio State Penitentiary at the time of the 1930 fire. Once I got into the site, I was asked to complete the form with contact information and mailing address and stipulate a maximum I will pay in fees if the quantity of pages exceeds the initial 100 free pages. After clicking next, I was taken to a new screen to view the letter completed using the information I had input. Finally, the letter was forwarded on my behalf to the FBI. They state it can take anywhere from one week to ten days to get a response.

In addition to GetGrandpasFBIFile.com, another site called GetMyFBIFile.com already exists to assist with getting one’s own FBI information, as well as records from the US Secret Service, US Marshals Service, Defense Security and Army Criminal Investigation Command.

Thousands of wills online, including Shakespeare, Austen and Drake.

I was so excited to hear the news that thousands of wills are now online by Ancestry.co.uk. Among the wills published are those of famous and noted individuals including William Shakespeare, Jane Austen, and Sir Francis Drake.

Thousands of wills are now online.
Thousands of wills now online.

According to Ancestry.co.uk’s news site, “We’ve just added the most important collection of wills for England and Wales from before 1858 proved by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. It’s packed with wills from members of the old middle and upper classes and paints a rich picture of life at that time.”

Richard Chatterton Will
Thousands of wills now online.

Of all of the source documents I’ve worked with, my favorite are wills. I love the look of the beautiful scripts used throughout history and thoroughly enjoy the challenge of transcribing them as accurately as possible. I find that wills are the most information and ‘colorful’ documents. Yes, yes, I know they’re pen and ink and ‘black and white’ in reality, but what I mean by ‘colorful’ is that they provide the details of the lives of the persons involved. It’s never just dates, locations, etc. Wills provide the prologue, main story and epilogue of an individual’s life and introduces us to their family and sometimes friends. We learn details of financial circumstances, social standing, property owned, and best of all, their relationships, whether good or bad.

Once we have come to understand the contents of a will, we know more of their life story. Although they are only accessible through paid subscription, Ancestry.co.uk offers a 14 day trial period for users to check it out before committing to a full subscription.

How to Apply for a Métis Status Card

Symbols of MetisTo apply for a Métis Status Card (aka Aboriginal Status card, Indian Status card), first you need to get the required information to prove your native ancestors. If you’re wondering about who qualifies for Métis Status, generally anyone with Native ancestors is biologically Métis. Which card you have depends on who your ancestors were.

Usually this means you need to start with yourself, and work backward through your family tree. You cannot randomly pick out a native american you were told “you might be related to” and try to match your tree with that person. This is why it can take some time to get your tree together and time to find a native ancestral line.

Start by making a family tree chart. Every person on the chart has 2 parents, so they become like branches in the tree (you can find blank tree charts online). Write your name and birthdate as the first person, then add your parents as branches in the next column, then their parents in the next column, etc., with each generation in a separate column. Add the birthdates and marriage dates for each generation. Eventually you will need to search archival records or church records for previous generations, but always work backward in time, verifying ancestors as you go.

If and when you do find your native ancestors, you will need to get copies of all records linking each generation back along that line, because most organizations do not do this for you without charging a fee, as it is so time-consuming. Métis organizations are not funded by government to find your native ancestors and prove that line. It is up to you to prove to them who you are. Some organizations will not verify your line at all, and will simply refuse membership.

For yourself, you need a birth or baptism record that states who your parents were. Then for every person along that line, you will need a record that states who their parents were. Usually this is referred to as a “long form” record, because it provides proof of parents’ names. Because some families have multiple persons with the same name, the only way to know for sure whether each person is completely documented is to have both the birth and marriage records that state parents’ names. You will need records like this for each generation going back to your native ancestor. Names and dates obtained from regular internet sites or family trees are not considered proof. You need to get copies of the government or church records, or other legal documents, either online or from that agency.

Once you have copies of all the actual records to prove your native line (without any unproven gaps in the line), you need to find out which Métis organization best fits your ancestry, and will represent you as a member of their Métis community.

Métis organizations have different requirements, objectives, and offer different kinds of representation. They are not usually affiliated with each other and do not share the same membership information. They also offer varying services for the application fee. Some only give aboriginal status cards, others offer programs and services. If you are interested in having help with your tree and also knowing the results of whatever is found, you should ask the organization about this service, what it will cost, and what you will get for your money, as some provide your tree information and others don’t.

Before applying, you might want to speak to their representatives or employees personally, to help determine the likelihood of being accepted into their community, and whether you feel their community best represents you and your ancestry. Some organizations may deny you status if you don’t have a specific type of proof, so you don’t want to find out that you have paid an application fee only to be turned down, then have to pay another organization to apply to their registry. Conversely, other organizations may seem to require very little proof.

Either way, a solid Métis community registry should contain documented proof of every generation, from your baptism or birth record to your native ancestor, without gaps. If you only have your standard issued birth certificate that does not state your parents’ names, then you need to either get your baptism record from your church or your “long form” birth certificate, which is available from the government, and send in copies to the organization. You will also need this same kind of document for each generation. This is the only way a registry can prove that all of its members are actually descended from Native Americans. The amount of funding an organization gets will depend on the number of registrants who have complete documentation, and whether your organization is prepared to negotiate funding on your behalf.

Once you have decided which group to apply to and have got your paperwork in order, you are ready to apply for your Métis Card.

Go to the organization’s website, and download the Métis Status Card Application Form. Fill out one application per person. Add your documented proof either by supplying copies (never send actual records), or scan them as computer files.

Include the required photo, and sign the application. Either mail the package or send it by email with payment for processing (never send cash in the mail).

Check periodically to see if your application will likely be processed soon. Some organizations take over a year to process so you shouldn’t wait until the last minute. Once you have your status, you can let others in the family and community know how to apply for Métis Status Cards too!

Article Source:

Article Source:

Why would a typist and transcriptionist want to spend her leisure years typing and transcribing?

The answer?

I’m a genealogy fanatic and typing and transcription are a very large portion of the workload necessary to conduct research, handle sources and documents, and transcribe images of documents into editable text to make it searchable. Although I made the majority of my living as a business owner and Administrative Assistant using these necessary skills, I find I’m using them just as much if not more in my quest for my family’s history and heritage.

I’ve looked into dictation transcription services in case I find a need for them and can afford them one day to ease my workload when (knock on wood) my blogs really take off. The majority of the sites I looked at offered basic transcription services without specialization, but I couldn’t believe the wide range of services offered by Daily Transcription Services.

Their areas of expertise include:

  • Academic: Thesis, lectures, speeches, student services, focus groups and interviews.
  • Corporate: Business meetings, data entry, conference calls, dictation, market research, video conferencing and voice to text.
  • Closed Captioning: Multimedia captions, foreign captions and pop up and  roll up captions.
  • Legal Services: Forensic transcription, depositions, court reporting, etc.
  • Post Production: Full range of post production services including clean and actual verbatum, and transcription from both good and difficult audio sources.
  • Transcription Services: Audio and video transcription, podcasts, dictation, voice to text and webcaption transcription services.
  • Language Services: Dubbing, translation, caption, and lip sync services in numerous languages.
  • Writing Services: Writers experience in television, film, journalism and film offer screenplay and script services and formatting, as well as ghost writing.

I have never seen a company offer such  a broad range of services at a variety of skill levels before. Perhaps, if I ever tire of genealogy and decide to make extra money for our retirement, I could apply to this company?

I don’t know if I ever could or would give up my genealogy as there’s always a new mystery to be solved and new questions to be answered.

photo credit: alanclarkdesign via photopin cc

DNA Solved Mystery for the Child of the Last US Soldier Killed in Vietnam

On Friday, the family of John O’Neal Rucker gathered with Tia McConnell and her husband Allan and their two boys Matthew and Quentin at the Veterans’ Memorial at Linden’s courthouse to honor her newly discovered father.

Tia had been an orphan in Da Nang, and was adopted by Karen and Jack Whittier of Colorado after being evacuated from Vietnam. After a lengthy and problematic search for her birth family, Tia discovered that John Rucker was her father.

She honored her father with placement of a flag at the monument that recognized him as the last American soldier to die in Vietnam. Rucker had been a member of 366 Combat Support Group, 366th Tactical Fighter Wing during the Vietnam War, and was the last American soldier to die in Vietnam, having been killed by a rocket attack on January 27, 1973. Sadly, this attack and John’s subsequent death occurred only hours before the Paris Peace Accords were signed, ending the Vietnam War.

Mae Rucker, John’s mother, had met Tia and her family the day before, after Tia’s search led to John and DNA testing proved the connection. Despite a negative first test in comparison to John’s mother, they persevered and had another test done to confirm the result. This time her DNA was compared with John’s two sisters and the tests were positive, indicating a 91 percent match, which is impossible unless the parties are closely related.

This story has finally convinced Mark and I to get our DNA tested. It’s something I’ve been considering for quite a while now, but I’ve been hesitant because I wasn’t sure I trusted the process enough yet.

Mark and I want to test our DNA rather than our children’s because we feel it would allow us to maintain separation of the data from our two different branches. I’m curious to find if my suspicions are correct and there are commonalities between the two branches.

I’ll post later about the process and results.

Sometimes it pays to look to the present for information about the past.

It’s amazing what information about the past including people and events can be found by searching through online newspapers, magazines, etc. – even if they are in a foreign language.

I’m routinely having to read, translate and understand documents written in their original language such as French, German, Swedish, and so on. My go to method for getting started is accessing ‘Google Translate’. To have a web page translated, just type the complete original language url in the Google search box, press ‘search’, find what you’re looking for in the search results list and click on ‘Translate this page’.

El Economista TranslatedOne such site I’ve recently accessed was ‘El Economista’ a Mexican, Spanish language online newspaper. On this particular day, the headlines were dominated by news of Javier Duarte de Ochoa and his handling of the crisis created by the recent tropical storm. Javier Duarte is the Governor of Veracruz, Mexico.

Above is a clip from the Google translated site mentioned and as you can see the text in the first paragraph is quite understandable, although not quite grammatically correct. I would always suggest finding independent confirmation elsewhere to confirm your understanding, if possible.

I routinely search through newspapers in the areas in which I’m researching and I have stumbled upon some real ‘gems’ related to my research, including a rooming house arson fire a recent ancestor escaped from, another ancestor whose name was published as a deserter in WWI, and most recently news of a tragic train crash in a community from which my own father’s French Canadian family originates. It was particularly heartbreaking to read the names of the deceased in the online French language news sites, and to recognize many of them as distant relatives.

Using Google translate  is also a useful tool if transcribing documents from their original language. Go to the main Google translate page, type the text in question in the left box, making sure it’s labeled with the correct language and click ‘Translate’. The English translation will appear to the right if English is the selected language. Text can be translated to and from numerous languages.

photo credit: Augie Schwer via photopin cc

Historical Vital Statistics website of Nova Scotia Archives is searchable in French and English.

I have a few favorite, go-to sites that I use much more than any others, and the Nova Scotia Archives site is one. Considering the substantial Acadian ancestry of my family, it’s no surprise that the majority of vital records for the majority of my ancestors are available on this site.

The searchable database of the Nova Scotia Archives contains almost one million names, each of which is linked to a corresponding vital registration, including births, baptisms, deaths and marriages. The records date from the mid-1700’s to the 1960’s, are all digitized and available online, and are searchable in French.

The records can be searched in both French and English on the Historical Vital Statistics website.

New Link: Online Newspapers Archive

Learning of this online newspapers archive site was very exciting to me. Some of the most valuable information we can find in our genealogical search comes from newspaper accounts because they provide a more detailed reflection of the lives of our ancestors – not just facts and figures. I have added this link to the main ‘Genealogy Links’ page in the top menu.

 

Online newspapers archive.
Online newspapers archive.

The Online Newspapers Archive site endeavours to centralize the thousands of historical newspapers from various sources in one location.

The first newspapers I looked for were those in the Acadian territories of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick before, during and after the expulsion. My family names do show in the papers available after 1850, but it will take some time to sift through them.

The newspapers for Pennsylvania, New York, Illinois and Kentucky also look promising as a great deal of our family history took place in these states.

One great disappointment, though is that there is nothing yet for the United Kingdom.

Although there are great gaps in the newspapers available for some geographical regions, what is available could provide that ‘gem’ one or more of us have been seeking.

I definitely intend to investigate this site further.

Ancestry.com is in cahoots with public records agencies, a group suspects.

A nonprofit claims its request to obtain genealogical records from state archives was brushed aside in favor of Ancestry’s request.

I know that Michael Peck, my great-great-great-grandfather, died on July 14, 1922. I know this because last October I visited the cemetery in Cornwall, New York, to find the date on his headstone. I had been searching for information on Michael for almost a decade on Ancestry.com, but never found any information about his death. Had I waited until a few weeks ago, I could have saved myself the trip upstate. Ancestry finally added the New York State Death Index for 1852–1956 to its collection, and I would have found Michael’s date of death with a few clicks of a mouse.

This new archive on Ancestry, however, was added under questionable circumstances, one genealogist claims. Brooke Schreier Ganz, the founder of the nonprofit group Reclaim the Records, has filed a lawsuit against the New York state agency handling the records, calling into question whether it engages in backroom dealings or preferential treatment with Ancestry.

According to the lawsuit, “although the same Records Access Office at [the Department of Health] handled both [Freedom of Information Act] requests, the timeline and procedures followed throughout the process for Ms. Ganz and Reclaim the Records was different than it was for Ancestry.com.”

Read on . . .

Source: Ancestry.com Is In Cahoots With Public Records Agencies, A Group Suspects

Vikings were in Greenland, Ireland and Britain much earlier than previously thought.

 

We now know Vikings were in Greenland, Ireland and Britain much earlier than previously thought.

 

Archaeological finds in Greenland show that vikings managed to survive Greenland’s bitter, harsh weather for substantially longer than previously believed.

According to Christian Koch Madsen, an archaeologist with the National Museum of Denmark, “The stories we have heard so far about the climate getting worse and the Norsemen disappearing simply don’t hold water.”

He claims there were only 2,500 individuals living in Greenland throughout the middle of the thirteenth century, contradicting earlier estimates of the population at 6,000.

As the harsh climate changes began to set in, the outlying farms were slowly abandoned, indicating strategies to deal with climate deterioration were implemented.

Over time, the land became even more barren, resulting in a further shrinking population, formation of larger settlements and a centralized economy.

Viking swords
Viking swords

In an earlier shocking discovery,  the remains of four young men were excavated a decade ago by Irish archaeologists working under Dublin’s South Great George’s Street. Also buried with the remains were shields, daggers, and ornaments, providing more evidence of a Viking population in Ireland.

Previous discoveries had been dated to the ninth to tenth centuries, and the South Great George’s Street graves were believed to be four more examples.

These beliefs were disproved when the excavation leader sent the Viking remains for carbon dating, learning that the remains had been buried for years to decades prior to the previously accepted date.

As a result of these findings, it is believed that the Vikings did not take up residence in Great Britain after a violent invasion, but rather, settled more slowly in random, small settlements.

It appears that the Vikings were present and already trading before any known raids occurred.

____________________

Sources:

The Vikings in Ireland; http://www.archaeology.org/issues/168-1503/features/2969-ireland-dublin-early-viking-prescence

Vikings Survived Greenland’s Harsh Weather for Centuries; http://www.archaeology.org/news/3186-150408-greenland-viking-climate

Photo credits:

“Viking swords” by Own work – Picture taken by viciarg ᚨ at the Vikingermuseum in Haithabu, Germany. Licensed under CC BY 2.5 via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Viking_swords.jpg#/media/File:Viking_swords.jpg

“Box and scales” by Berig – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Box_and_scales.jpg#/media/File:Box_and_scales.jpg

My ‘must have’ list of top 10 genealogy websites.

 

This list of top 10 genealogy websites is a bit different than others because I have evaluated them based on the sheer quantity of data and sources I have found for my own personal genealogy research, regardless whether they are paid or free.

 

I will only subscribe to a site if I’m sure it’s worth it as I can usually find most other information on free sites with some effort.

It just so happens though, that my favorite site to conduct research is a paid site, while all the rest except one are free.

 

Ancestry.com ($)

 

Although this site requires a paid subscription, it is the one and only site I do pay for as I find I truly do get my money’s worth.

No matter what location, type of record, or time period, I can usually find something of value on this site.

The search feature is rather confusing and cumbersome. Just keep in mind it’s better to be as specific as possible and use the filters appropriately and you will get fairly accurate results.

 

Family Search

 

Over the past few years, Family Search has been quickly catching up to Ancestry because of the sheer quantity of transcriptions, images, and collections they continue to make available online.

They have a very accurate and intuitive search.

 

Library and Archives Canada

 

I am Canadian, with roots in both French Canada (Quebec) and Acadia (Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia).

Anytime I am researching a Canadian line, this is the first site I go to – even before Ancestry and Family Search.

 

Nova Scotia Archives

 

My Acadian ancestors form a rather specialized area of research, and the Nova Scotia Archives genealogy research site is the first place I go.

Original records are available for a per unit price, but I’m quite happy just printing the transcribed records for the most part.

 

Internet Archive

 

My husband’s Welsh Quaker, British, royal and new world ancestors are the largest part of my research and this is the one site I go to when I’m unable to find original records or even transcriptions of records elsewhere.

I’ve found numerous genealogy studies, articles, and books; history books, etc. that have provided detailed information.

It is important to remember, however, that errors were not uncommon in these publications, and I do continue to try to find more concrete sources.

 

Foundation for Medieval Genealogy

 

I am fascinated by my husband’s medieval and royal ancestry and this site is a well-researched site.

Any suspect information is clearly identified and there is a clear explanation of why.

Original medieval sources are cited in detail, supporting all facts and conclusions.

 

Ancient Wales Studies

 

Publication of reliable and detailed scholarly examination of ancient welsh sources to find the most accurate genealogies possible.

Welsh genealogy is one of the most problematic to study because of the constant and prolific repetition of names throughout families and branches of families.

 

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)

 

About 1750, my husband’s Welsh and British ancestors started arriving in the new world and the branches that took root there flourished to impact all areas of American life.

Next to Ancestry, I find this site valuable for actual military files and numerous other archived documents. All requests, however, must be done by snail mail, in which case I try to avoid this site a lot.

I’m definitely an instant gratification kind of person.

Hopefully one day they’ll set up online access, even if it is paid. I’d certainly subscribe to this one.

 

UK Archives ($)

 

I have found some of the more interesting documents on this site, including numerous scans of original wills from the 16th to the 19th century.

There is something about the old English script that I find very beautiful and it’s a suitable challenge for my puzzle oriented mind to transcribe them.

There is a per unit price to download documents, but the price is very reasonable and I have no problem paying it, considering the high quality of the document scans.

 

World GenWeb

 

No one individual GenWeb site in this network is used all that much in my research, but if you consider all research found on any of the GenWeb sites, it definitely warrants a top ten position.

I have listed the main World GenWeb site, which links through to the full network of other sites from other locations. By using the links, it is possible to drill down from the global and country levels to county and indeed township sites in some cases.

 

Photographs are Windows on the Past and Present

As an amateur photographer, I’ve amassed a vast collection of photographs of life, travels, pets, landscapes, etc.

I have a nineteen year old daughter who will be studying photography at college, but in the meantime is pursuing both photography and modeling here. It’s so lovely to see her developing the same love of the photograph as the ultimate means of documenting a person, place, time, event or even thing.

I have discussed my research of the Melanson family of Acadia in this blog before and so decided to showcase the photos I have of my family’s heritage stomping grounds. These are places we visited during our travels in Nova Scotia (previously Acadia) for genealogical research and a vacation. I just wish we’d had much more time. These photos now hold a place of honour on a feature wall in our living room.

My Melanson heritage begins with the original founding couple, Pierre ‘dit Laverdure’ and his wife Priscilla (my 8th great grandparents on my mother’s side). They immigrated to Acadia from England in the late 17th century with their sons, Pierre ‘dit Laverdure’ Mellanson and Charles ‘dit la Ramée’ Mellanson. Charles ‘dit la Ramée’ was my 7th great grandfather.

In the interest of my genealogical research and family history we decided to take a driving tour through New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, visiting all of the Acadian sites and landmarks. Port Royal was the main trading port of the Acadians and stood close to the settlement of Charles ‘dit La Ramée’ Mellanson and his family. Near the fort is the site of the archaeological dig at the Melanson Settlement.

 

The wind at Fort Beauséjour was unbelievable. We had a heck of a time making our way from the parking area to the fort itself. One of these pictures is of my kids leaning with all their weight into the strong wind while standing on the berm surrounding the fort.

Fort Beauséjour was the site where Acadian families were imprisoned while awaiting deportation. The family of my 5th great grandfather was held in this fort for about seven years. One of the family’s children was actually born in captivity in this fort. The ruins of the foundations and the supply tunnel at Fort Beauséjour are all that is left of the original fort. The foreground in the photo of the ruins is the foundation of the officers’ quarters and the background is the supply tunnel. I couldn’t believe how unsettled I was the first time I saw the image of my husband and kids silhouetted in the supply tunnel of Fort Beauséjour. I could almost feel the ‘ghosts’ there.

Grand Pré Chapel is a beautiful chapel at the original site where the men of the Acadian community were informed of the impending expulsion. The museum that now stands at the site is the home of the majority of the artifacts from the Melanson Settlement at Port Royal.

Melanson village community hall is in the village that was founded by Pierre ‘dit Laverdure’ Mellanson, brother to Charles, at the site of his family’s settlement in Baie des Mines (Minas Basin), Nova Scotia.

Melanson Mountain was also named for this community’s founder.

I fell in love with Nova Scotia. I would move there in a second. I don’t know if it’s something in my blood as a direct descendant of Acadian settlers, but it’s an amazingly strong pull that I have found very hard to resist. Maybe one day???

Transcription: Obituary for Major General George Burges Cadwalader

Transcription of an obituary for Major General George Burges Cadwalader.

 

Obituary; General George Cadwalader— General George Cadwalader died in Philadelphia, on Monday afternoon, in the seventy-third year of his age, from an attack resembling apoplexy, with which he was seized on Sunday night. He was a brother of Judge Cadwalader, who died on Sunday week, and was the last of the five sons of General Thomas Cadwalader. The deceased was born in Philadelphia, in 1806, engaged in mercantile business, and filled the position of President of the Mutual Insurance Company for a third of a century. He served gallantly in the Mexican War as well as in the Slaveholders’ Rebellion, and distinguished himself in both position. His record is one of the best which he can safely leave behind as a grand inheritance to his family and friends.

 

Source Image: Bucks County Gazette article, , Bristol, Pennsylvania , 6 Feb 1879, Col. 3

 

___________________

The image above links directly to the original document. You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.